Background: Food insecurity (FI), defined as limited access to nutritious foods, hampers dietary management of dysglycemia. We examined the prevalence of and risk factors for FI among adults with dysglycemia.

Methods: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of data among adults with dysglycemia from the 2013-2017 National Health Interview Survey. We defined dysglycemia as self-reported prediabetes or diabetes diagnosis. FI was defined by an affirmative response on ≥3 questions on the 10-item Food Security Scale. We used Poisson regression and multivariable logistic regressions to estimate the prevalence of and risk factors for FI.

Results: We included 26,960 adults with dysglycemia; mean age was 61 years, and 56% were female. The prevalence of FI among those with dysglycemia was 10%. Risk factors for FI identified included being Nnon-Hispanic black (OR: 1.30; 95% CI: 1.11-1.53), Other race (OR: 1.72; 95% CI: 1.12-2.62); having some college (OR: 1.17; 95% CI: 1.01-1.35), unemployed (OR: 1.57; 95% CI: 1.35-1.83), benefiting from the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (OR: 2.31; 95% CI: 2.02-2.65), and insured (OR:1.51; 95% CI: 1.20-1.91) (Table).

Conclusion: Developing targeted interventions and health policy for improving access to nutritious foods among adults with dysglycemia with risk factors for FI may improve glycemic control in this population.

L. Francis: None. R.N. Turkson-Ocran: None. E. Spaulding: None. B. Koirala: None. D. Baptiste: None. J.B. Echouffo Tcheugui: None. Y. Commodore-Mensah: None.


National Institute of Nursing Research (to R-A.N.T-O.), (F31DR017328, T32NR012704 to E.S.); National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (T32NR012704, 3T32DK062707 to R-A.N.T-O.); Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award (to E.S.); Johns Hopkins Clinical Research Scholars Program (5KL2TR001077-05 to Y.C.M.)

Readers may use this article as long as the work is properly cited, the use is educational and not for profit, and the work is not altered. More information is available at