Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an emerging risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), cardiovascular disease, and all-cause mortality. Obesity is a major determinant of the high prevalence of NAFLD and T2DM worldwide. Previously, we demonstrated that lipocalin-type prostaglandin D2 synthase (L-PGDS) knockout mice show increased glucose intolerance and accelerated atherosclerosis. In the present study, we investigated the role of L-PGDS in causing NAFLD in L-PGDS knockout (KO) and control C57BL/6 mice (n=6/group) on both low fat and high fat diets for 14 weeks. We observed that L-PGDS KO mice remain slightly lighter in weight compared to control mice, yet develop NAFLD faster, even on the low fat diet. In addition, we found elevated fasting glucose and insulin levels in L-PGDS KO mice with increased lipid accumulation in the liver with time on both diets as compared to controls. We also found total cholesterol and LDL levels were significantly elevated in L-PGDS KO mice. Finally, lipogenesis marker proteins such as SREBP-1c and LXRα, and CD36, a fatty acid transporter protein, were also found to be increased in L-PGDS KO mice on both diets as compared to control mice. These data confirm that absence of L-PGDS results in hyperinsulinemia and dyslipidemia. Therefore, we conclude that L-PGDS plays a significant role in developing NAFLD independent of obesity and may serve as a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of NAFLD.
A. Srivastava: None. T. Palaia: None. C. Hall: None. J. Lee: None. M. Stevenson: None. L. Ragolia: None.
George Link, Jr. Foundation, Inc.; American Heart Association