ZGN-1061 is a second-generation methionine aminopeptidase 2 (MetAP2) inhibitor in development for treatment of T2D. This clinical trial evaluated ZGN-1061 (0.05, 0.3, 0.9, or 1.8 mg) vs. placebo (PBO) administered SC every 3 days for 12 weeks on change from baseline in A1C in individuals with T2D at multiple sites in Australia/New Zealand. Stable noninsulin diabetes therapy was permitted. Baseline (ITT population N=175): 52% female, 77% white, (mean±SD) age 54±8 y, A1C 8.6±1.1%, BMI 37±7 kg/m2, T2D duration 8±6 y. Interim analysis results (0.05, 0.3, 0.9 mg ZGN-1061) were presented previously. Here, we report additional results with 0.9 and 1.8 mg ZGN-1061. The LS mean±SE A1C change for PBO was 0.2±0.1% (N=42) vs. -0.4±0.1% (N=44) and -0.9±0.2% (N=23) for 0.9 and 1.8 mg ZGN-1061, respectively. The LS mean±SE difference vs. PBO was -0.6±0.2% and 1.1±0.2% for 0.9 mg (p=0.0003) and 1.8 mg (p<0.0001). The LS mean±SE weight change for PBO was -0.6±0.3 kg vs. -1.4±0.3 kg (p=ns) and -2.8±0.5 kg (p<0.001) for 0.9 and 1.8 mg ZGN-1061. Dose-dependent fasting and postprandial glucose reductions were observed for ZGN-1061 (p<0.05 vs. PBO); β-cell function and insulin sensitivity were improved with 1.8 mg ZGN-1061 (p<0.05 vs. PBO). ZGN-1061 also improved triglycerides, hsCRP, adiponectin, and leptin (p<0.05 vs. PBO). Across all ZGN-1061 treatment groups, adverse events (AEs) were primarily mild/moderate without any notable trends. The completion rate was 93% (163/175). Three subjects in ZGN-1061 groups withdrew due to AEs (sensory disturbance, 0.05 mg; upper abdominal pain, 0.9 mg; injection site urticaria, 1.8 mg). There were no reports of venous thrombosis or changes in thrombosis markers indicative of a thrombosis event. ZGN-1061 (1.8 mg) demonstrated statistically significant and clinically meaningful efficacy; the largest reductions in A1C and weight were observed at 12 weeks with no evidence of a waning effect and no notable safety signals.
T. Kim: Employee; Spouse/Partner; Celgene Corporation. Employee; Self; Zafgen, Inc. D. Zhuang: Employee; Self; Zafgen, Inc. T.L. Haugen: Employee; Self; Zafgen, Inc. D.D. Kim: Employee; Self; Zafgen, Inc. K. Taylor: Employee; Self; Zafgen, Inc.