Background: Fenofibrate increases renal clearance of uric acid (UA). Relationships between baseline and short-term changes in plasma UA with fenofibrate and subsequent cardiovascular risk in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are unknown.

Method: Post hoc analyses of the FIELD trial explored the relationships between CVD events and 1) baseline UA level; and 2) short-term change in UA level over 6-week single-blind active fenofibrate run-in.

Results: The FIELD trial showed 11% fewer cardiovascular events in patients with T2D assigned to fenofibrate compared to placebo over 5 years (HR = 0.89, 95% CI: 0.80-0.99, p = 0.035). Baseline UA (n=9622) ranged between 0.11 to 0.79 mmol/L (mean = 0.33, SD = 0.078). Each 0.1 mmol/L higher baseline UA increased CVD events by 21% (HR = 1.21 95% CI: 1.13-1.29, p < 0.001; Fig. 1A), and remained after adjusting for other classic risk factors (HR = 1.12, 95% CI: 1.04-1.21, p = 0.002). Fall in UA level with fenofibrate run-in also predicted lower CVD risk, adjusted for baseline UA and irrespective of trial treatment allocation (HR = 0.86, 95% CI: 0.76-0.97, p = 0.015; Fig. 1B).

Discussion: Baseline and short-term fenofibrate-induced lowering of UA predict cardiovascular risk in patients with T2D, irrespective of long-term trial treatment allocation. The reduction in total CVD events with fenofibrate was not shown to be mediated through lowering of UA levels.


J.Y. Cao: None. B. Waldman: None. R.L. OConnell: None. D. Sullivan: None. V. Gebski: None. A.S. Januszewski: None. I. Marschner: None. R. Scott: None. M. Taskinen: Advisory Panel; Self; Novo Nordisk A/S. Consultant; Self; Akcea Therapeutics, Chiesi USA, Inc. Research Support; Self; Amgen Inc., Novo Nordisk A/S. Speaker’s Bureau; Self; Amgen Inc. R. Simes: None. N. McGill: None. A.J. Jenkins: Advisory Panel; Self; Abbott, Australian Diabetes Society, Medtronic. Research Support; Self; Abbott, GlySens Incorporated, Medtronic, Mylan. Speaker’s Bureau; Self; Eli Lilly and Company, Novo Nordisk Inc. A.C. Keech: None.

Readers may use this article as long as the work is properly cited, the use is educational and not for profit, and the work is not altered. More information is available at