Advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) are endogenously produced or exogenously derived glycated proteins and lipoproteins. The accumulation of AGEs may have a variety of adverse effects since they cause oxidative stress and thus may act as contributing factors to the development of disease states such as, for example, complications of diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the levels of three AGEs (pentosidine, N(6)-carboxymethyllysine [CML], and methylglyoxal [MGO]) and the soluble form of the AGE receptor (sRAGE) may be used as markers for the presence and extent of coronary artery disease (CAD). We recruited 363 consecutive patients with suspected CAD who presented for cardiac catheterization at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City (54% of patients were male, 48% of the patients had diabetes). At the time of this abstract submission 169 patients had circulating pentosidine levels measured (74 of these patients had diabetes). We examined relations between pentosidine levels, HbA1c, LDL, and the extend of CAD (measured by SYNTAX score). Serum pentosidine levels did not significantly correlate with any of other parameters. There was, however, a positive correlation between HbA1c levels and the SYNTAX score (Spearman correlation coefficients of 0.26, ρ = 0.0001 for the entire group; 0.18, ρ = 0.01 for patients without diabetes; and 0.29, ρ= 0.0001 for patients with diabetes).
In conclusion, our preliminary results demonstrate that in patients with suspected CAD undergoing cardiac catheterization, SYNTAX score does not correlate with pentosidine levels but correlates positively with HbA1c. The data on all three AGEs and sRAGE in the entire cohort of 363 patients will be presented at the meeting.
C. Basman: None. D. Avtanski: None. K. Ziskovich: None. R. Jonas: None. S. Fishman: None. H. Sonmez: None. U. Rashid: None. A. Kodra: None. G. Stoffels: None. M. Lesser: None. V. Singh: None. L. Poretsky: None.
The Gerald J. and Dorothy R. Friedman New York Foundation for Medical Research