Physical activity (PA) is a mainstay in the management of type 2 diabetes (T2D) treatment. Data about level of PA and perceived barriers to exercise in adults with T2D is lacking in Argentina.
Objectives: Primary: To assess the percentage of adults with T2D who perform PA according to intensity level. Secondary: 1. To describe the barriers to exercise. 2. To describe the association between level of PA and metabolic control and other variables in the study population. 3. To evaluate sedentary time.
Methods: Multicenter, observational, cross-sectional study of data collection through 2 questionnaires: International PA Questionnaire (IPAQ) short form and the “Barriers to being Active Quiz” developed by Center for Disease Control (CDC). Clinical and biochemical data were also collected. We included adults with T2D age 18 to 65 years, in 17 Argentine diabetes centers, from May 2nd to July 15th, 2018.
Statistical Methods: Chi2, t student, Pearson and Spearman correlations, multiple logistic regression and multiple linear regression.
Results: 270 men (age 54.9 ± 9.8 years) and 225 women (age 55.3 + 9.6 years) were included. Diabetes duration: 8.2 ± 6.3 years. BMI men: 32.0 ± 10.6 Kg/m2 and women: 32.5 ± 7.2 Kg/m2. Two last HbA1c: 7.6 ± 1.7% and 7.5 ± 1.6%. 32.5% treated with insulin. 12.7% had cardiovascular disease; 13.7% nephropathy; 20.8% neuropathy; 6.1% diabetic foot and 14.1% retinopathy. The level of PA by IPAQ was low in 52.3% and moderate in 30.5%. The most frequent barriers were: "lack of will" (59.6%), "lack of energy" (37.2%) and "lack of time" (31.5%). Multivariate analysis: low level of PA was associated with age (OR: 1.05 per year of age, p <0.001); A1c (OR: 1.16 per 1% p <0.05); BMI (OR: 1.06 per kg/m2, p <0.001) and sex (OR: 1.69 for women, p <0.01). Sedentary time: median of 5 hours/day, with a 75th percentile of 6 hours/day. It was associated with HbA1c in the multivariate analysis (p = 0.02).
Conclusions: 52.3% showed a low level of PA and the main barriers are related to low personal motivation.
C. Gomez Martin: None. M.L. Pomares: None. C.M. Muratore: None. S. Apoloni: None. P.J. Avila: None. M. Rodriguez: None.