Background: International T2DM Federation (IDF) estimates T2DM prevalence in Lebanese adults around 14%. Identifying people at risk of developing type 2 T2DM mellitus (T2DM) as to prevent rising prevalence and development of T2DM related complications is crucial.
Aim: to identify people at high risk for developing T2DM.
Methods: A convenience sample (N=198) of healthy Lebanese adults, 40 years of age and above, were recruited through snowballing from all over Lebanon. Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), Short Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults (STOFHLA), World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQoL-BREF), and ARABRISK were administered.
Results: Majority of the participants were 40 to 54 years (74.25%), females (57.58%), married (51.02%), employed (59.90%) and reported having “enough to make ends meet” (64.29%). Significant association resulted between ARABRISK scale score and WHOQoL-BREF scale (β= -1.642, p= 0.001) as well as two of its subscales, physical (β= -2.21, p < 0.001) and psychological (β= -1.17, p= 0.003). Significant association was noted between ARABRISK scale score and demographic characteristics; mainly marital status, particularly being “married” (β= 15.47, p < 0.001) and “widowed/divorced” (β= 25.72, p < 0.001), and employment statuses particularly “not enough to make ends meet” (β= 8.64, p= .021).Significant association resulted between ARABRISK scale score and at whole grain consumption (β= -4.97, p = 0.035) and red meat (β= 13.02, p = 0.003). Marital status, red meat consumption, whole grains consumption, and physical health subscale were significantly associated with ARABRISK in the fully adjusted multiple linear regression model. The combination of the latter variables accounted for 36.83% of the variance of ARABRISK score.
Conclusion: Findings will help health care practitioners to understand the determinants of T2DM risk, which will set the stage for effective preventive measures in reducing the risk and incidence of T2DM.
O.A. Sukkarieh-Haraty: None. J. Abi Kharma: None. N. Farran: None. M. Bassil: None.
Lebanese American University