Introduction: Transition of care to adult endocrinology is associated with clinical deterioration in young adults with diabetes. We characterized the young adult patient population with diabetes at our institution’s adult endocrinology clinics to identify patients’ characteristics associated with poor glycemic control.

Methods: We completed a retrospective cohort study of patients aged 16-25 with diabetes, whose first visit with an adult endocrinologist at any of 4 sites within our medical system occurred between July 1st, 2011 and June 30th, 2015. The following factors were analyzed: visits with pediatric endocrinology at our center, age, race, ethnicity, gender, social deprivation index, and age of diabetes onset. The primary outcome was mean hemoglobin A1c ≥ 10% in the 2 years after establishing care with adult endocrinology.

Results: We identified 264 patients who met inclusion criteria. Our preliminary analysis shows that 107 (40%) had a mean A1c ≥ 10%, which was associated with the following patient characteristics: male gender (OR 1.95 95% CI 1.02-3.74), younger age, with every year placing patient at a 5% increased risk (OR 1.3; 95% CI 1.1-1.5), black race (OR 9.03; 95% CI 3.43-28.2) and being seen in pediatric endocrinology clinic at the same institution (OR 2.34; 95% CI 1.12-4.87). Interestingly, there was no increased risk associated with diabetes type, diagnosis age, ethnicity and area social deprivation tertile.

Conclusion: We found a high prevalence of mean A1c ≥ 10% in our population. Preliminary analysis of data suggests certain patient groups are at high risk of poor control. Additional analysis is needed to determine factors associated with this clinical deterioration. In the future, intervention strategies maybe targeted to high risk populations to improve overall outcomes in our population of young adults with diabetes.


E.M. Everett: None. J.T. Lee: None. A. Sidhaye: None.

Readers may use this article as long as the work is properly cited, the use is educational and not for profit, and the work is not altered. More information is available at