Introduction: The MS might also be present in patients with DM1 worsening vascular prognosis.

Objective: We aimed to determine the prevalence of MS and its association with microvascular disease and to describe the differences between patients with or without MS in markers of subclinical inflammation and adiposity.

Methods: A cross-sectional study including 289 consecutive patients with DM1. MS was defined according to the criteria of the IDF but for the presence of fasting hyperglycemia or diabetes. Microvascular complications were assessed according to ADA. Serum inflammation markers such as high hsCRP, ESR, homocystein and fibrinogen were measured.

Results: The mean age was 36 ± 12 years-old. 40% were female. Duration of DM1 was 20 ± 11 years. The mean HbA1c was 7.6±1.3% and the GFR was 94±18 ml/min/1.73m2. The prevalence of MS, as defined, was 12.5% (95% CI: 9.1 - 16.8). The odds of having microvascular complications was 2.4 higher among MS+ group [OR: 2.4 (1.0-5.7); P = 0.042] compared with MS- group, after adjusting for age and DM1 duration. Adiposity and markers of subclinical inflammation were significantly higher in MS+ group compared to their MS- counterparts (Table 1).

Conclusions: The prevalence of MS was considerable in patients with DM1. MS was an independent risk factor for the presence of microvascular complications regardless of age and DM1 duration. The presence of MS in patients with DM1 is associated with adiposity and subclinical inflammation.


E. Lecumberri: None. M. Luque-Ramírez: None. J. Quiñones Silva: None. E. Fernández: None. S. Alonso Diaz: None. H. Escobar-Morreale: None. L. Nattero-Chávez: None.


Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (PI1400649, PI151686, PIE1600050)

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