We reported a positive correlation between brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and one-hour post-challenge glucose (1-h PG). Furthermore, the subpopulation defined by 1-hour PG beyond 183 mg/dL (corresponded to Impaired glucose tolerance range of 2-h PG) in normal glucose tolerant (NGT) subjects. These findings suggested that if NGT subjects convert to higher 1-h PG levels from a normal 1-h PG range they will develop arterial stiffness. To address this issue, we initiated a clinical study that included 40 NGT subjects (23 men and 17 women, mean age 60.9 ±9.7 years), with a comprehensive medical check-up was performed on each subject at Kan-etsu Chuo Hospital every year. In addition, over the 9-year period these individuals were annually assessed by a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and for atrial stiffness by baPWV. Based on the 75-g OGTT, NGT subjects alone were selected according to the 2006 WHO criteria. NGT subjects in this study were identified as individuals having a normal range of all measured parameters. In this population, there was no significant correlation between baPVW and all measured parameters. One-h post challenge glucose (1-h PG) in 28 subjects was below 154 mg/dL and their baPWV was not changed (1266.4 ±125.42 cm/sec from 1243.62 ±108.1) after nine years. On the other hand, 1-h PG in the rest of 12 subjects was significantly increased to 160.33 ±4.73 from 124.67 ±20.13 and their baPVW was also significantly elevated to 1489.33 ±41.05 from 1255.01 ±64.08 after nine years. We found that rapid blood glucose change in NGT could be a risk factor for arterial stiffness and we would like to point out the possibility for physicians to select high-risk subjects by 75g-OGTT with the evaluation of 1h-PG. Taken together, we found that rapid blood glucose change could be a risk factor for arterial stiffness.
S. Okada: None. J. Okada: None. E. Yamada: None. T. Saito: None. M. Yamada: None.