Aim: To evaluate the significance of using transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) and vascular adhesion molecule -1 (VCAM-1) as early prognostic markers of diabetic kidney disease (DKD) progression in patients with DM type 1 and 2.

Materials and Methods: The study included 66 patients with T1DM, 58 with T2DM and 20 healthy volunteers. Diabetic patients were divided into three groups depending on the estimated glomerular filtration rate. All patients were equal for age and sex. The endothelial function was determined by TGF-β1 and VCAM-1 levels. Recognitive Operating Characteristic - was used to assess the discrimination ability (diagnostic test value) to be a predictor of DKD progression.

Results: Patients of all study groups had significantly higher (p˂0,05) levels of TGF-b1 and VCAM-1 versus control group. That’s present endothelial dysfunction in DM patients. The diagnostic value of TGF-b1 and VCAM-1 was compared with diagnostic value of AU. The highest test’s sensitivity and specificity has TGF-b1, its predictive ability concerning DKD progression can be assessed as “excellent” for both types of DM (Se = 100.0; Sr = 100.0; AUC = 1.000; p < 0.001). VCAM-1 has “excellent” operating characteristics for predicting DKD progression in T2DM (Se = 100,0; SP = 88,89; AUC = 0,923; p <0.001) and “very good” in T1DM (Se = 86,36; Sp = 90.48; AUC = 0.866; p <0.001). AU has “good” operating characteristics concerning DKD progression: Se = 57,50; Sd = 97.44; AUC = 0.785; p <0,001 for type1 and 2 DM. That’s shows us evaluation of AU in DM has a high specificity, but low sensitivity of the prognosis DKD progression for both types of DM.

Conclusion: We provide evidences that TGF-β1 and VCAM-1 can be used for prediction of DKD progression in patients with type 1 and type 2 DM. Diagnostic capabilities of VCAM-1 and TGF-β1 significantly exceed the diagnostic capabilities of AU, which determines them as early markers.


C. Daria: None. N. Pertseva: None.

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