Seven AGP proteins associate with ESKD in Caucasians with diabetes. We explored the association of these proteins with ESKD and kidney lesions in Pima Indians with type 2 diabetes. EPHA1, EPHA2, EPHB6, EFNA4, EFNA5, UNC5Cand UNC5D were measured in serum of 162 Pimason a SOMAscan platform. Hazard ratio (HR) for ESKD for a 1 SD increase of each protein was computed by Cox regression after adjustment for age, sex, A1c, iothalamate glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and albumin:creatinine ratio (ACR). Serum samples obtained a median of 2.5 years later were measured in a subset of 67 Pimas who underwent kidney biopsy. Relationships between changes in protein concentrations and kidney lesions were explored by Spearman correlations. Baseline, mean age was 45±10 years, diabetes duration 15±6 years, GFR 155±53 ml/minute, and median ACR 54 (13-250) mg/g. During median follow-up of 12.5 years, 54 participants developed ESKD. Higher concentrations of 6 proteins (UNC5C HR1.51 [95CI 1.07-2.13]; EPHB6 1.67 [1.15-2.41]; EFNA4 1.72 [1.29-2.31]; UNC5D 1.73 [1.12-2.69] EFNA5 1.99 [1.36-2.91] and EPHA2 2.15[1.46-3.17]) were associated with ESKD. Increasing concentrations of these proteins were associated with structural lesions of diabetes (Figure). Proteins related to cell surface molecules of the Ephrin family were associated with kidney lesions and with progression to ESKD in Pima Indians with type 2 diabetes.
P. Saulnier: None. E. Satake: None. H.C. Looker: None. J. Skupien: None. A. Krolewski: None. R. Nelson: None.
American Diabetes Association (1-08-CR-42 to R.N.)