Sarcopenia is more prevalent in diabetes than controls and is related with higher cardiovascular events such as critical limb ischemia and mortality in T2DM. Microvascular dysfunction in diabetes plays a crucial role in the development of diabetic complications. Skin perfusion pressure (SPP) using laser Doppler technique is valuable in the evaluation of microcirculation function and limb ischemia. Although previous study reported that sarcopenia is independently associated with diabetic foot disease and even it is regarded as a chronic complication of T2DM, no studies have examined the relationship of sarcopenia and microcirculation. The current analysis is an attempt to evaluate the undisclosed relationship of sarcopenia and skin perfusion pressure. We analyzed the data of 188 patients with T2DM performing laser Doppler technique for measuring SPP. Sarcopenia was defined low appendicular muscle mass adjusted for height (Men <7 kg/m2, women < 5.7kg/m2) using bioelectrical impedance analysis. We divided into two groups based on SPP: ≤50 mmHg, >50 mmHg. SPP below 50 mmHg was considered as impaired microcirculation. The mean age and SPP of total subjects were 51 years and 72 mmHg. A total of 26 patients (13.8%) were diagnosed with impaired function of microcirculation in limb on SPP. The prevalence of sarcopenia in total subjects was 8%. The prevalence of sarcopenia increased significantly in SPP ≤50 mmHg group than in SPP >50 mmHg (23% vs. 5.3%, p=0.028). Significant positive correlation was found between SPP and appendicular muscle mass adjusted for height (p=0.008). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that patients with sarcopenia had an odds ratio of 6.1 (95% CI =1.2-31.7) for having of SPP ≤50 mmHg even after adjustment for confounding factors (p=0.032). Our results suggest that the sarcopenia is significantly associated with the presence of impaired function of microcirculation on SPP in T2DM.
C. Jung: None. D. Choi: None. C. Kim: None. J. Mok: None.