American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) adults have a higher rate of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and related complications than non-AIAN adults. Nutrition is the cornerstone of diabetes self-management and nutrition education is a key component of diabetes self-management education. The purpose of this research was to understand stakeholder perspectives on how to adapt the American Diabetes Association (ADA) newly developed nutrition education program entitled “What Can I Eat? Choices for People with T2D and their Families” (WCIE) for AIAN adults. Using focus group and individual interview methods, we interviewed experts in AIAN diabetes nutrition education (n=9); AIAN educators, Native elders, and tribal leaders (n=11); and AIAN adults with T2D (n=29) and their family members (n=22) at 4 geographically distinct urban and reservation sites nationwide. Focus groups and interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim. We employed the constant comparison method for data analysis and used Atlas.ti (Mac version 8.0) to digitalize the analytical process. Qualitative analysis identified specific facilitators and barriers to healthy eating in Native communities. Facilitators included: strong community and family support systems, traditional values of balance and gratitude, Native pride, and community-based wellness goals. Barriers included: food insecurity, challenges to preparation of home-cooked meals, high consumption of fast food and sugar-sweetened beverages, and loss of access to traditional foods and food-acquisition practices. Findings will be used to culturally adapt the existing ADA WCIE diabetes nutrition education program for AIAN adults with T2D.
K.R. Moore: None. S.A. Stotz: None. A.G. Brega: None. K.L. Gonzales: None.
American Diabetes Association (4-18-SMSC-01 to K.R.M.)