Bexagliflozin is a potent and selective sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor. To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of bexagliflozin as an adjunct to metformin for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus, participants (317) were randomized to receive bexagliflozin or placebo in addition to ongoing treatment with metformin. The primary endpoint was the placebo-adjusted change in HbA1c from baseline to week 24. Changes in systolic blood pressure (SBP), fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and body mass were secondary endpoints. The study also enrolled an open label arm of participants with elevated HbA1c. Including post-rescue observations, the mean change in HbA1c was 1.09% (95% CI 1.24%, 0.94%) in the bexagliflozin arm and 0.56% ( 0.71%, 0.41%) in the placebo arm, for a difference of -0.53% ( 0.74%, 0.32%; p < 0.0001). By the last-observation-carried-forward method, the intergroup difference was -0.70% ( 0.92, 0.48; p < 0.0001). The open label cohort experienced a mean change in HbA1c of 2.82% ( 3.23%, -2.41%). The placebo-adjusted changes from baseline SBP, FPG and body mass and SBP were 7.07 mm Hg ( 9.83, -4.32; p < 0.0001), -1.35 mmol L-1 (-1.83, -0.86; p < 0.0001) and 2.51 kg (-3.45, -1.57; p < 0.0001). Adverse events were experienced by 42.4% and 47.2% of subjects in the bexagliflozin and placebo arms, respectively, and fewer subjects in the bexagliflozin arm experienced serious adverse events. Bexagliflozin produced clinically meaningful and statistically significant improvement in measures of cardiovascular health and glycemic control in a population of diabetic adults inadequately controlled by metformin alone. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03259789.

Disclosure

Y.C. Halvorsen: Research Support; Self; Theracos, Inc. J.P. Lock: None. M.W. Freeman: Research Support; Self; Theracos, Inc.

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