Evidence from clinical trials suggest that newer antihyperglycemic agents (AHAs) have a better clinical profile at a higher dose. However, the utilization of the different doses in the real world is not well known. This study aimed to assess the dose utilization of the 2 newer classes of AHAs using the 2018 Adelphi T2DM Disease Specific Programme, a survey involving 730 physicians and 8794 patients in the U.S. and Europe. The analysis included 1612 patients on sodium glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) and 1073 patients on glucagon like peptide-1 receptor agonist (GLP-1RA), either monotherapy or combined therapy. Dose cut points for SGLT2i drugs were based on doses utilized in cardiovascular outcomes trials (at a compound level, Table 1). There is no standard cut point on dosing in GLP-1RA, therefore a conservative approach was applied (see Table for details). Analyses were performed at class level. SGLT2i drugs were more likely to be prescribed at a high dose (85.7%) to patients who were slightly younger than those receiving a lower dose (57.1 vs. 58.9 years). GLP-1RA were prescribed at high dose in 63.2% of the patients. Mean BMI was higher in patients receiving high dose of a GLP-1 receptor agonist.
D. Lautsch: Employee; Self; Merck & Co., Inc. E. McLeod: Employee; Self; Pfizer Inc. Stock/Shareholder; Self; Pfizer Inc. T. Wang: Employee; Spouse/Partner; Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Employee; Self; Merck & Co., Inc. C.D. Gonzalez: Employee; Self; Merck & Co., Inc. S. Rajpathak: Employee; Self; Menarini Group. S. Malkani: None. J. Jackson: None. G. Milligan: None. V. Higgins: None.
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp; Pfizer Inc.