The high prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes (DM) in Africa calls for the identification of effective, efficient, and feasible screening tests. Emerging data suggests that random plasma glucose≥100 mg/dL (RPG≥100) may be a valuable screening tool and equivalent to or better than standard ADA criteria, which requires fasting blood samples, knowledge of family history, anthropometrics and blood pressure. Since RPG≥100 as a screening tool for DM has not been tested in Africans, our goals were twofold: first, to compare the diagnostic performance of RPG≥100 to ADA criteria; second, to determine for RPG≥100 the number needed to screen to find a single case of DM. Hence, African-born blacks who self-identified as healthy and were living in America (n=469, 66% male, age: 38±10y (mean±SD), BMI: 27.6±4.5 kg/m2) had random plasma glucose levels measured. One week later, an OGTT was performed. Glucose criteria for the OGTT was used to diagnose DM. Area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AROC) was used to assess the performance of RPG≥100 and ADA criteria (age≥45y, BMI≥25 kg/m2, HDL<35mg/dL, TG>250mg/dL, SBP≥140mmHg, DBP≥90mmHg, and family history of DM). The number of people needed to screen to correctly identify one case of undiagnosed DM was calculated by the formula: 1/(proportion correctly diagnosed - proportion incorrectly diagnosed). DM was identified in 7% (31/469) of the participants; whereas RPG≥100 occurred in 15% (68/469). For the prediction of DM, RPG≥100 tended to be superior to the ADA criteria (AROC 0.80 vs. 0.68, P=0.09). RPG≥100 was 71% sensitive and 89% specific. ADA criteria was 90% sensitive and 37% specific. For RPG≥100, the number needed to screen to correctly identify a single case of DM was two. Overall, RPG≥100 as a screening tool for DM is effective, more cost-efficient, and less time-consuming than ADA criteria. In short, RPG≥100 may be an important way forward for the detection of DM in Africans and further study is warranted.
E.M. Shoup: None. N.H. Osei-Tutu: None. T. Hormenu: None. A.F. Hobabagabo: None. C. DuBose: None. L. Mabundo: None. S.T. Chung: None. M.F. Horlyck-Romanovsky: None. A.E. Sumner: None.