We have recently demonstrated that renal extraction of GLP-1 is ∼45% and that extracellular fluid volume expansion in healthy participants uncovered a natriuretic action of GLP-1 probably via a tubular mechanism secondary to suppression of angiotensin II (ANG II) and independent of changes in renal hemodynamics. It is not known whether the high extraction is due to receptor binding. The present study was designed to test the hypotheses that the renal extraction and natriuretic effect of GLP-1 are mediated via GLP-1 receptor. Under fixed sodium intake for 4 days before each study day, 6 healthy male participants were recruited from our recent study1 and examined during a 3-h infusion of GLP-1 (1.5 pmol/kg/min) together with a 3.5-h infusion of the GLP-1 receptor antagonist, exendin 9-39 (Ex 9-39) (900 pmol/kg/min), initiated 30 minutes before start of GLP-1 infusion. Timed urine collections were conducted throughout the experiments. Renal plasma flow (RPF), glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and renal extraction of GLP-1 were measured via Fick’s principle after catheterization of a renal vein. Renal extraction of GLP-1 was ∼45% during infusion of GLP-1 alone and decreased significantly to ∼25% during co-infusion of GLP-1 and Ex 9-39. Urinary sodium and osmolar excretions remained at baseline levels during co-infusion of GLP-1 and Ex 9-39 compared to a mean 2-fold natriuretic effect during GLP-1 infusion alone. Arterial plasma ANG II levels were unaffected during the co-infusions, whereas ANG II decreased significantly during GLP-1 alone. Arterial plasma renin levels decreased similarly on the two study days, and arterial aldosterone levels remained unchanged on both days. RPF and GFR remained unchanged on both days.
In conclusion, renal extraction of GLP-1 is partially and natriuresis is fully dependent on GLP-1 receptor activation, probably via GLP-1-mediated ANG II suppression. 1Asmar A et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2019 Jul 1;104(7):2509-2519.
A. Asmar: None. P.K. Cramon: None. M. Asmar: None. L. Simonsen: None. S. Madsbad: Advisory Panel; Self; AstraZeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp., Novo Nordisk A/S, Sanofi-Aventis. Research Support; Self; Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, Novo Nordisk A/S. Speaker’s Bureau; Self; AstraZeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, Novo Nordisk A/S. C.M. Sorensen: None. B. Hartmann: None. J.J. Holst: Advisory Panel; Self; AstraZeneca, Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp., Novo Nordisk A/S, Zealand Pharma A/S. Other Relationship; Spouse/Partner; Antag Therapeutics. P. Hovind: None. B.L. Jensen: None. J. Bülow: None.