Background and Aim: Coexistence of hypertension (HTN) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) multiplies the risk of cardiovascular events. Early identification and prompt management of elevated blood pressure in T2DM has shown to improve the quality of life and to reduce the economic burden to the patients. We studied blood pressure (BP) lowering effect of Azilsartan (AZST) monotherapy in newly diagnosed stage 2 hypertensives with a history of T2DM. We also analysed its effects on blood glucose and renal indices.
Methods: T2DM Subjects attending a specialized diabetes clinic, who were diagnosed with HTN for the first time, were invited to participate. Mean of 3 BP readings was considered for analysis after due consent. Subjects with stage 2 hypertension were administered AZST 40mg once daily. After 3 months they had a repeat BP recording. Subjects underwent serum creatinine, Na+, K+, fasting (FPG) and postprandrial (PPG) plasma glucose measurements at baseline and after 3moths’ of enrolment. We compared BP lowering efficacy and changes in plasma glucose and renal parameters at baseline and after 3months of AZST therapy. Diabetic, dyslipidemic and other chronic medicines were continued unchanged during the study period.
Results: Inclusion criteria were met by 474 subjects (117, 25% females). Mean age and duration of diabetes were 53.3 (95% CI 52.3-54.3) and 7.03 (CI 6.6-7.5) years respectively. With AZST therapy mean SBP dropped from 152.7 (CI 151.1-154.3) mm Hg to 136.4 (CI 134.9-138.0) mm Hg (p <0.05) and the post treatment DBP declined to 79.6 (CI 78.8-80.4) mm Hg from its baseline value of 90.5 (CI 89.6-91.4) mm Hg (p <0.05). The mean baseline FPG and PPG were 158.8 (CI 154.0-163.4) mg/dL and 237.3 (CI 231.9-242.7) mg/dL in order. There was a non-significant decline in plasma glucose, but no changes were seen in eGFR or electrolytes. No adverse event was reported.
Conclusion: Azilsartan monotherapy was found to be safe and effective in managing newly diagnosed stage 2 hypertension in type 2 diabetes without hampering renal function.
H. Mahapatra: None. M. Khuntia: None. S. Mishra: None. S.K. Mishra: None. R.K. Padhi: None. B. Jena: None. S. Das: None. R.K. Khatua: None. A.R. Jena: None. R. Mahapatra: None. L. Mahapatra: None. A.K. Sahoo: None.
Jyoti Diabetes Research Foundation