Aim: Metformin (MET) is a mainstay for treatment of type 2. diabetes (DM). Its use in patients with chronic heart failure (HF) patients is recent, associated with lower frequency of cardiovascular events and with better survival, but mechanisms of action are unclear. GLP-1 incretin is reported to have cardioprotective effects. Our aim was to assess the effects of MET on glucose metabolism, incretin secretion and cardiac function in patients with DM and HF.
Methods: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study testing the effect of 3 - month usage of metformin vs. placebo. Treatment naive patients with DM and HF were randomized to metformin (2 g/day) or to placebo group. At the beginning and the end of each intervention period (baseline, after MET and after placebo) panel of various metabolic tests including meal test and cardiac function tests (echocardiography, cardiopulmonary exercise test) was done.
Results: Metformin significantly reduced HbA1c. During meal test, metformin significantly reduced AUC of glucose, insulin and amylin; and increased GLP-1 and peptide YY. Details in Table. There was no change in cardiac function as assessed by echocardiography and spiroergometry.
Conclusions: Metformin therapy in patients with HF improves diabetes compensation and has no significant effect on cardiac function. Improvement might be partly mediated by alteration of gut endocrine function.
J. Kopecky: None. E. Hošková: None. J. Veleba: None. V. Melenovsky: None. T. Pelikanova: None.
VZ 00023001 IKEM