Introduction: Many studies report that environmental factors occurring in childhood may modulate the composition of the gut microbiota in adulthood, which in turn, produces short chain fatty acids (SCFA) with metabolic effects on inflammatory cascades associated with glycemic homeostasis.
Objective: This study aims to analyze associations between type of delivery (vaginal/cesarean section), type of breast-feeding (maternal/artificial) and solid food introduction (start and quality) with fecal SCFA concentrations in women.
Method: A cross-sectional study including 106 women, 28±5 years old and BMI 25±5 kg/m2, a questionnaire regarding from birth until the first year of life. For quantification of acetate, butyrate and propionate it was used gas chromatography-mass spectrometry in fecal samples.
Results: Of the women surveyed 63% were cesarean delivered and 93% received maternal breast milk at some point. There was no correlation between SCFA concentration and type of delivery (p>0.05). Positive correlation was found between breastfeeding time and butyrate (r=0.24; p=0.02), there was a tendency with propionate (r=0.20; p=0.06). There was no correlation between time received infant formula and SCFA. There was a tendency of correlation between butyrate and beginning of cow’s milk intake (r=0.194; p=0.052). Age at solid food introduction correlates with propionate (r=0.22; p=0.026) and butyrate (r=0.25; p=0.012), and report a tendency with the acetate (r=0.18; p=0.07). In the first year of life, individuals who prefer salty crackers and pasta/potatoes had less concentration of propionate and acetate, respectively (p=0.026).
Conclusion: The type of delivery was not associated with SCFA, but there was a favorable association with prolonged breastfeeding, late beginning of cow’s milk intake, introduction of solids starting after 6 months of age and lower intake of refined cereals.
M.G. Barbosa: None. I. Solar: None. R.G. Freitas: None. F.B. Ribeiro: None. C.O. Ramos: None. M.R. Sant’Ana: None. A.S. Hanada: None. N.S.K. Crouchan: None. C.M. Xavier: None. B.G. Neto: None. L.G.D. Folchetti: None. I.T. Silva: None. B. Almeida-Pititto: None. S.G. Ferreira-Vivolo: None. A.J. Vasques: None.
São Paulo Research Foundation (2017/10185-9, 2019/05450-0)