The CRASH online survey examined the experience and treatment of a severe hypoglycemic event (SHE) in people with T1DM or insulin-treated T2DM (PWD) or caregivers (CG). Eligible participants experienced ≥1 SHE in the last 3 years with insulin treatment at the time of event. Reported here are results from PWD aged ≥65 (T1DM 74, T2DM 104) and CG (T1DM 95, T2DM 231) from Canada, Germany, Spain, UK, and USA. During the last SHE, reported glucagon use was low for T1DM (9.5%) and T2DM (7.5%); primary reason reported was no prescription available or filled (T1DM 24.3%, T2DM 29.3%). Of those who ever discussed SHE at their healthcare provider (HCP) visit (T1DM 138, T2DM 243), less than half (T1DM 41.3%, T2DM 34.2%) reported discussion of SHE at every HCP visit. No discussion of the most recent SHE occurred for 34.3% (T1DM) and 31.0% (T2DM). During the most recent SHE many felt unprepared (T1DM 35.5%, T2DM 47.2%), scared (T1DM 60.9%, T2DM 64.2%), and helpless (T1DM 39.1%, T2DM 51.3%). After the last SHE, changes were reported to insulin regimens, meal plans, carrying sugar/sweets, checking blood glucose more often or using continuous glucose monitors, and increasing access to glucagon. Clinical guidelines recommending discussion of hypoglycemia at each HCP visit for PWD at risk for SHE are not being met and should occur, and CGs should be included in preparedness strategies.
F.J. Snoek: Advisory Panel; Self; Abbott, Lilly Diabetes, Novo Nordisk A/S, Roche Diabetes Care. Research Support; Self; Sanofi. E. Spaepen: None. D.M. Bushnell: None. C.J. Child: Employee; Self; Eli Lilly and Company. Stock/Shareholder; Self; Eli Lilly and Company. Z. Balantac: Other Relationship; Self; Eli Lilly and Company. B. Mitchell: Employee; Self; Eli Lilly and Company. Stock/Shareholder; Self; Eli Lilly and Company. M. Peyrot: Advisory Panel; Self; Eli Lilly and Company. Consultant; Self; CeQur Corporation, Eli Lilly and Company. Research Support; Spouse/Partner; Eli Lilly and Company.
Eli Lilly and Company