Background and Aim: Some large clinical trials using SGLT2 inhibitor revealed the superiority in the renal outcome in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. We already reported that SGLT2 inhibitor improved urinary albumin-creatinine ratio at baseline (ACR) in Japanese T2DM patients with CKD and revealed some factors that influence to the renoprotective effects of SGLT2 inhibitor. The aim of this study is to clarify how the concomitant insulin treatment with SGLT2 inhibitor influence the renal composite outcome.
Research Design and Methods: We retrospectively assessed 624 patients with Japanese T2DM patients with CKD who underwent SGLT2 inhibitor treatment for more than 1 year. We set the renal composite endpoint that was the progression of the stage of albuminuria or the decrease in eGFR by ≥15% per year. For comparative analyses, we performed the cohort model of patients with or without insulin treatment that was used propensity score (PS) matching methods. The PS matching was using the following algorithm: 1:1 nearest neighbor match with a ±0.04 caliper and no replacement. Further, all patients were stratified into quintiles based on the corresponding PS and included in the analyses.
Results: The comparison of 149 PS-matched patients in each group were performed. The incidence of renal composite outcome was significantly higher in patients with insulin treatment than without it (n=23[15.4%] and n=10[6.7%], respectively, p=0.033). The results from the analysis depending on the quintiles of all patients by the Mantel-Haenszel method, there was a significant difference between the two groups (p=0.021) and the odds ratio for the renal composite outcome was 2.09 (95%CI,1.15, 3.80, p=0.016) in patients with insulin treatment.
Conclusion: The concomitant insulin treatment with SGLT2 inhibitor influenced the renal composite outcome in Japanese T2DM patients with CKD.
K. Kobayashi: None. M. Toyoda: None. H. Sakai: None. K. Tamura: Research Support; Self; AstraZeneca K.K., Ono Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. Speaker’s Bureau; Self; AstraZeneca K.K., Ono Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. N. Hatori: None.