Objective: Osteoporosis is typically identified as a disease of postmenopausal women, however; it has been observed that in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) fractures associated with osteoporosis four to six times more common, in both sexes and at an early age (≈ 50 years). The objective of this study was to find associations between the bone mineral density (BMD), T-score and Z-score at the femoral neck, hip and spine and selected characteristics of patients with T1D.
Methods: BMD of patients with T1D was evaluated with DXA (GE Healthcare Lunar). A correlation analysis was performed to identify associations between glycated hemoglobin, 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration, years since diagnosis and diabetic, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and urine albumin to creatinine ratio (ACR).
Results: We included 43 patients, with a mean age of 38.1 years, the mean BMD in the femoral neck was 0.94±0.13, in the hip 0.93±0.14 and the spine 1.11±0.13. We observed a negative correlation between the years since diagnosis of T1D and the BMD and T-score in the femoral neck and hip. There was a negative correlation between the ACR and the BMD, T-score and Z-score in the femoral neck and total hip and a positive correlation between the eGFR and the BMD and T-score in the femoral neck and hip.
Conclusions: In this study we identify some factors that might impact and decrease the BMD in patients with T1D including long time since diagnosis, older age of patients and presence of diabetic nephropathy. The ACR could be an indicator of early bone metabolic changes in patients with T1D. Further studies are required to confirm this association and to define the optimal age for BMD evaluation in patients with T1D.
C. Lara: None. F. Rodriguez: None. T. Viveros-Ruiz: None. P. Almeda-Valdes: None. D. Uribe: None. B. Rivas: None. N. Ramirez Pedraza: None. J.A. Garay Mora: None.