Disparities in the use of CGMs and insulin pumps in T1D based on socioeconomic status (SES) and race/ethnicity are pronounced. However, systematic reports of perspectives from patients in vulnerable communities are limited. To better understand barriers, focus groups were conducted in Florida and California with adults with T1D. Selection criteria included hospitalization for DKA, HbA1C >9%, or receiving care at a Federally Qualified Health Center. A total of 16 focus groups were conducted in English or Spanish with 86 adults (Table 1). Transcript themes and pre-focus group demographic survey data were analyzed. In order of frequency, barriers to diabetes technology included: (1) provider-level (overtly blocked/discouraged by provider) (2) system-level (financial barriers related to coverage) and (3) individual-level (difficulty with use or preference issues). In Florida there was less technology use overall (38% had used CGMs in FL, 63% in CA; 43% had used pumps in FL, 69% in CA) and significant differences in pump use by SES (P=0.02 in FL, P=0.08 in CA) and race/ethnicity (P=0.01 in FL, P=0.80 in CA). In California there were significant differences in CGM use by race/ethnicity (P=0.05 in CA, P=0.56 in FL) and education level (P=0.02 in CA, P=0.90 in FL). These findings provide novel insights and demonstrate the need for multi-level interventions and further research on variations in technology use based on geographic location.


A.F. Walker: None. N. Cuttriss: None. M.J. Haller: Advisory Panel; Self; SAB Biotherapeutics, Inc. S.L. Filipp: None. K. Yabut: None. C. Anez-Zabala: None. K.K. Hood: Research Support; Self; Dexcom, Inc. Speaker’s Bureau; Self; LifeScan, Inc., MedIQ. X. Roque: None. D. Naranjo: None. G. Aulisio: None. A. Addala: None. S. Look: None. M.J. Gurka: None. D.M. Maahs: Advisory Panel; Self; Eli Lilly and Company, Insulet Corporation, Medtronic, Novo Nordisk A/S. Consultant; Self; Abbott, Sanofi. Research Support; Self; Bigfoot Biomedical, Dexcom, Inc., Roche Diabetes Care, Tandem Diabetes Care.


The Leona M. and Harry B. Helmsley Charitable Trust

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