Automated Insulin Delivery (AID) hybrid closed-loop systems have not been well studied in the context of prescribed meals. We evaluated our interoperable artificial pancreas system (iAPS) with scheduled meal challenges in a randomized crossover trial in an at-home setting.
Ten adults with type 1 diabetes completed two weeks of AID-based control and two weeks of conventional therapy (sensor-augmented pump/predictive low-glucose suspend) at home in random order. During each period, subjects consumed pasta or white rice as part of a complete dinner meal on six different occasions (each meal three times in random order).
The AID system increased time in range 70-180 mg/dL from 70.6 to 74.0% (3.4, 95% CI -2.3 to 9.1, p=0.22), while sensor time <70 mg/dL significantly decreased from 3.5 to 2.3% (-1.2, 95% CI -2.1 to -0.2, p=0.02). Postprandial glucose AUC difference between meals in conventional therapy was 10,919.0 mg/dL x min (95% CI 3,190.5 to 18,648.0, p=0.009) while for AID it was 6,522.1 mg/dL x min (p=0.24), highlighting the ability of AID to minimize glycemic excursions postprandially. The AID system decreased insulin delivery at 0-2h by 0.45 units (p=0.001) for pasta, while it increased at 2-4h by 0.47 units (p=0.18) for white rice (Table 1).
The AID system improved postprandial glucose control over conventional therapy in the handling of challenging meals in the at-home setting.
J.E. Pinsker: Advisory Panel; Self; Medtronic. Consultant; Self; Eli Lilly and Company, Tandem Diabetes Care. Research Support; Self; Dexcom, Inc., Eli Lilly and Company, Insulet Corporation, Medtronic, Tandem Diabetes Care. Speaker’s Bureau; Self; Tandem Diabetes Care. S. Deshpande: None. M. Church: None. M. Piper: None. C.C. Andre: None. J.S. Massa: None. F.J. Doyle: Research Support; Self; DreaMed Diabetes, Tandem Diabetes Care, Xeris Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Stock/Shareholder; Self; Mode AGC. Other Relationship; Self; Dexcom, Inc., Insulet Corporation, Roche Diabetes Care. D.M. Eisenberg: Consultant; Self; Barilla Center For Food and Nutrition, Italy. E. Dassau: Consultant; Self; Eli Lilly and Company. Research Support; Self; Dexcom, Inc., DreaMed Diabetes, Tandem Diabetes Care, Xeris Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Speaker’s Bureau; Self; Roche Diabetes Care. Other Relationship; Self; Dexcom, Inc., Insulet Corporation, Roche Diabetes Care.
Barilla Center for Food & Nutrition Foundation; National Institutes of Health (DP3DK104057, DP3DK113511); Harvard Accelerator; Dexcom, Inc. (IIS-2018-019)