CGM use is associated with improvements in A1c. We hypothesized that initiation of CGM in the 1st month after T1D diagnosis would improve A1c.
Youth with newly diagnosed T1D from July 2018 to May 2020 (pilot cohort, n=122) were offered CGM initiation in the 1st month after T1D diagnosis (119 started CGM). We compared A1c outcomes in the pilot cohort with those diagnosed from 2014-2016 (controls, n=272) who were not offered early CGM. We visualized A1c trajectories using locally estimated scatter plot smoothing (Fig). We and assessed for differences in A1c trajectory by cohort via interaction terms in a linear mixed model adjusted for baseline characteristics (age, sex, race and insurance type).
The mean A1c at diagnosis was higher in the pilot cohort (12.2 vs. 10.7%). The median age of diagnosis was 9.5 years [6.8, 13.3], 64% male, 38% non-Hispanic White, and 76% with private insurance in the pilot cohort. In this pilot, 89% initiated CGM in the first 30 days after diagnosis compared to 2% in the control cohort. After adjusting for baseline characteristics, the mean A1c of the pilot cohort was lower at 6 months (-0.81, p = 0.019), 9 months (-1.43, p = 0.013), and 12 months (-2.05, p = 0.012) post-diagnosis compared to the historic cohort.
Early initiation of CGM was associated with a lower A1c compared to those in a historic cohort. These data support early initiation of CGM as standard of care in youth with T1D.
P. Prahalad: None. J. Senaldi: None. A. Freeman: None. A. Addala: None. D. P. Zaharieva: None. K. K. Hood: Consultant; Self; Cecelia Health, Cercacor, LifeScan Diabetes Institute. D. Scheinker: Advisory Panel; Self; Carta Healthcare. M. Desai: None. D. M. Maahs: Advisory Panel; Self; Abbott Diabetes, Dompe, Eli Lilly and Company, Medtronic, Novo Nordisk, Consultant; Self; aditxt. V. Ding: None. B. Leverenz: None. J. Hooper: None. A. Chmielewski: None. B. P. Conrad: Advisory Panel; Self; Abbott Diabetes. J. Leverenz: None. A. Martinez-singh: None. P. Sagan: None.
National Institutes of Health (R18DK122422, P30DK116074)