Arterial stiffness and echocardiograms were assessed in participants with youth-onset DM (N=399, 22.8 ± 5.1 years, duration 10.8 ± 3.2 years, 63% female, 45% non-Hispanic White; 33% non-Hispanic Black, 13.5% Hispanic, 8% Other, 44% type 2 DM (T2D)) . Cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) , arterial stiffness and cardiac measures were compared between those with or without elevated arterial stiffness (stiff = Pulse Wave Velocity [PWV] ≥ 90th% for lean controls) . Association between PWV and cardiac parameters after adjusting for CVRF was assessed. Participants with high PWV were 4.6 yrs older, had 0.6 yrs longer diabetes duration, were more likely to be female (71.5 vs. 54.9%) , non-Hispanic White (68.8 v 42.3) , have T2D (72.0 v 20.2%) , higher BMI (35.6 v 26.3 kg/m2) , BP (122/79 v 109/72 mmHg) , LDL-C (113 v 100 mg/dl) , CRP (0.6 v 0.1mg/dL) , and HbA1c (9.6 v 8.9%; all p≤0.04) . Those with high PWV had higher left ventricular mass index (LVMI) and lower systolic and diastolic function. PWV remained a significant predictor of LVMI (R2 0.37) , systolic (EF, R2 0.235) and diastolic (e’/a’, R2 0.461) function after adjustment for CVRF, all p≤0.0002. Higher arterial stiffness is associated with adverse changes in cardiac structure and function and was more prevalent in persons with T2D compared to type 1 DM.
E.M. Urbina: Advisory Panel; Astellas Pharma Inc. D. Dabelea: None. R. Dagostino Jr: None. S.R. Daniels: None. L.M. Dolan: None. G. Imperatore: None. E. Lustigova: None. S.M. Marcovina: None. A.K. Mottl: Advisory Panel; Bayer AG. Board Member; Bayer AG. Research Support; Alexion Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Aurinia, Bayer AG, Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, Pfizer Inc. C. Pihoker: None. A.S. Shah: None.
Grant Support (SEARCH 4) : The SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Cohort Study (1R01DK127208-01, 1UC4DK108173) is funded by the National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases and supported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The Population Based Registry of Diabetes in Youth Study (1U18DP006131, U18DP006133, U18DP006134, U18DP006136, U18DP006138, and U18DP006139) is funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (DP-15-002) and supported by the National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Grant Support (SEARCH 1, 2, 3) : SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth is funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (PA numbers 00097, DP-05-069, and DP-10-001) and supported by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Kaiser Permanente Southern California (U48/CCU919219, UDP000246, and U18DP002714) , University of Colorado Denver (U48/CCU819241-3, UDP000247, and U18DP000247-06A1) , Cincinnati's Children's Hospital Medical Center (U48/CCU519239, UDP000248, and 1U18DP002709) , University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (U48/CCU419249, UDP000254, and U18DP002708) , Seattle Children's Hospital (U58/CCU019235-4, UDP000244, and U18DP002710-01] and Wake Forest University School of Medicine (U48/CCU919219, UDP000250, and 200-2010-35171) .