Background/Aims: C1q/TNF-related protein 9 (CTRP9) as a member of CTRP super family, participates in the regulation of glycolipid metabolism. However information regarding the role of CTRP9 in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is scarce. The current study aims to ascertain the relationship between serum CTRP9 levels and GDM.

Methods: A total of 35 GDM patients and 37 normal pregnant women were enrolled in our study. Serum CTRP9 levels were measured via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) . Fasting insulin (FINS) , IL-6, Leptin, MCP-1, TNF-α and IL-1β were quantified using Luminex-xMAP technology. Anthropometric data and biochemical parameters were also obtained or measured.

Results: The results showed that fasting plasma glucose (FPG) , one hour plasma glucose (1-h PG) , 2 hour plasma glucose (2-h PG) , FINS, IL-6, Leptin, TNF-α and CTRP9 during GDM group were significantly higher than the control group. In addition, serum CTRP9 levels had a significantly positive correlation with FPG (r = 0.559, P < 0.001) , 1h-PG (r = 0.539, P <0.0) , 2h-PG (r = 0.378, P = 0.001) , FINS (r = 0.253, P = 0.032) , HOMA-IR (r = 0.382, P = 0.001) , IL-6 (r = 0.283, P = 0.016) , and TNF-α (r = 0.266, P = 0.024) . Furthermore, binary logistic regression demonstrated that HOMA-IR and CTRP9 were independent risk factors for GDM. The AUC-ROC indicated that the diagnostic efficiency of combined CTRP9 and HOMA-IR was much higher than a single index.

Conclusions: The high level of serum CTRP9 is an independent risk factor for GDM. Moreover, the combination of serum CTRP9 and HOMA-IR were more efficient in diagnosing GDM.

Key words: Gestational diabetes mellitus, CTRP9, insulin resistance


H. Zhang: None.

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