EMPRISE is a 5-year monitoring program that evaluates the effectiveness and safety of empagliflozin (EMPA) using Medicare and 2 U.S. commercial claims [2014-20 (2018 for Medicare) ]. We identified 190,226 patients ≥18 years with type 2 diabetes initiating EMPA or a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4i) , and followed them up for heart failure hospitalization in primary (HHF-Specific) or any discharge positions (HHF-Broad) , a composite of myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke, and all-cause mortality (ACM) (Medicare only) . Safety outcomes were lower-limb amputations (LLA) , non-vertebral fractures, diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) , acute kidney injury (AKI) , renal and bladder cancers (CA) . We estimated pooled HR (95% CI) after propensity score matching, adjusting for 143 baseline covariates. Compared to DPP4i, EMPA was associated with a reduced risk of HHF [HHF-Specific: 0.47 (0.41, 0.55) ; HHF-Broad: 0.67 (0.62, 0.72) ], a similar risk of the composite of MI or stroke [0.92 (0.84, 1.02) ], and a reduced risk of ACM [0.56 (0.46, 0.68) ]. EMPA was associated with a reduced risk of AKI [0.73 (0.68, 0.78) ], an increased risk of DKA [1.88 (1.51, 2.34) ], and a similar risk of LLA, fractures, and renal and bladder CA. Our findings support the cardiovascular effectiveness of EMPA in routine care with a safety profile in line with documented information.
P.T.Htoo: Employee; Johnson & Johnson. S.Schneeweiss: Consultant; Aetion, Inc., Research Support; Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH. E.Patorno: Research Support; Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, National Institutes of Health, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute. H.Tesfaye: None. J.M.Paik: None. D.J.Wexler: Other Relationship; Elsevier, Novo Nordisk, UpToDate. M.Najafzadeh: None. R.Glynn: Research Support; Amarin Corporation, AstraZeneca, Kowa Pharmaceuticals America, Inc., Novartis AG, Pfizer Inc. A.Deruaz-luyet: Employee; Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, Other Relationship; IQVIA Inc., Sanofi. S.F.Fazeli farsani: Employee; Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH. L.Koeneman: Employee; Eli Lilly and Company, Stock/Shareholder; Eli Lilly and Company.