SGLT2 inhibitors (SGLT2is) have been shown to reduce the risk of cardiovascular and mortality events in large cardiovascular outcome trials in patients with type 2 diabetes. However, their safety profile is controversial, with some trials reporting imbalances in bladder cancer events, all of which occurred relatively soon after randomization. To address this safety concern, we used 3 US healthcare claims databases and 1 UK primary care database (01/2013-12/2020) . In each database, we identified adults newly treated with either SGLT2is (total n=453,726) or GLP-1 receptor agonists (GLP1RAs, n=375,990) (comparison #1) , and SGLT2is (n=347,055) or DPP-4 inhibitors (DPP4is, n=854,141) (comparison #2) . Propensity score-based fine stratification was used to reweigh the cohorts, adjusting for a wide range of patient characteristics at baseline. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated for bladder cancer in each database using Cox proportional hazards models. After a median follow-up of 1.8 years, use of SGLT2is may slightly reduce the risk of bladder cancer, compared to GLP1RAs [HR (95% CI) =0.90 (0.81-1.00) ]. Compared to use of DPP4is, SGLT2is are not associated with bladder cancer incidence [HR (95% CI) : 1.00 (0.91-1.11) ] after a median follow-up of 2.0 years (Table) . Overall, the results of this large international cohort study provide reassurance on the short-term effects of SGLT2is on bladder cancer incidence.
D.Abrahami: None. H.Tesfaye: None. H.Yin: None. O.Yu: None. R.W.Platt: Consultant; Amgen Inc., Biogen, Merck & Co., Inc., Nant Pharma, Pfizer Inc. S.Schneeweiss: None. E.Patorno: Research Support; Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, National Institutes of Health, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute. L.Azoulay: Consultant; Pfizer Inc.
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (PJT-169040)