Background: Impaired fasting glucose (IFG) is a risk factor for renal function, whereas adherence to the Mediterranean diet may be protective.
Methods: Cross-sectional study on 1016 overweight (OW) and 1297 obese (OB) adults (52 ± 12 yrs, 55% women) with IFG (s-glucose: 100-125 mg/dl) . Anthropometry, fat-free mass by BIA, s-creatinine, blood pressure, marital status, education, familiarity for diabetes and CVD, smoking and physical activity were evaluated. The 14-item MEDiterranean Diet Adherence Screener (MEDAS, score: 0-14 points) was used to assess Mediterranean diet. Glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was estimated by CKD-EPI formula. Normal renal function was defined as eGFR ranged 90-140 ml/min/1.73m2, so that both cases of loss of renal function and cases of glomerular hyperfiltration were considered at risk of renal damage. Logistic regression stratified for BMI class and adjusted for above confounders was fitted to assess association of Mediterranean diet with normal renal function.
Results: The prevalence of normal renal function was 55% (60% in OW, 52% in OB) . Compared to the first tertile, the highest tertile of MEDAS score was associated to higher odds being normal renal function in OW (OR 1.48, 95%CI 1.07, 2.04, Ptrend=0.014) but not in OB patients.
Conclusion: Mediterranean diet is associated with a better renal function in OW patients with IFG.
A.Leone: None. R.De amicis: None. A.Foppiani: None. S.Bertoli: None. A.Battezzati: None.