Few prospective cohort studies still exist on the association between serum fatty acid (FA) proportions and the enzymes involved in their synthesis and the onset of type 2 diabetes (T2D) . Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate whether or not serum FA proportions or FA ratios, which reflect desaturase activities, are associated with the incidence of T2D. Here we analyzed data of a prospective cohort study, which was conducted during 2010-20in Japan. A total of 872 male workers without diabetes aged over 20 years were followed up prospectively. Diabetes was defined as having either: 1) fasting plasma glucose ≥ 126 mg/dl, 2) HbA1c ≥ 6.5%, 3) medication for hyperglycemia or 4) postprandial plasma glucose ≥ 200 mg/dl during the follow-up period. We measured serum FA levels and estimated the activity of ⊿5desaturase (D5D) by calculating the ratio of serum arachidonic acid to dihomo-γ-linolenic acid (DGLA) . The subjects were also divided into two groups by the cutoff point of waist circumference (WC) ≥ 90 cm. In multivariate analysis, the HR of developing diabetes was 2.81 [95%CI: 1.to 7.15, P=0.03] in the highest quartile of serum DGLA proportion and 0.28 [95%CI: 0.to 0.90, P=0.03] in the highest quartile of D5D, compared with their lowest quartiles, respectively. In stratified analysis, the multivariate adjusted risk of diabetes was higher in participants with low D5D/low WC (2.56 [0.96 to 6.82]) or high D5D/high WC (2.77 [0.68 to 11.32]) , and was significantly higher in participants with low D5D/high WC (6.30 [1.95 to 20.33, P=0.002]) than in participants with high D5D/low WC. Our findings suggest that the combination of increased serum DGLA proportion and attenuated D5D activity is a risk factor for the incidence of diabetes in male Japanese, especially in those with WC ≥ 90 cm. Thus, the significance of serum FA measurements in predicting T2D is suggested.
A.Hata: None. N.Aki: None. T.Ichihara: None. A.Tamura: None. T.Minagawa: None. Y.Kuwamura: None. M.Funaki: Board Member; Mechanogenic, Inc.
Grants-in-aid for research from Tokushima Prefecture Local Government