Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) have been implicated in controlling whole-body metabolism through intercellular communications. MicroRNA-193b (miR-193b) plays essential roles in white and brown adipocyte adipogenesis and regulating adipokine secretion. We tested whether changes in circulating miR-193b were associated with reductions of adiposity and various fat depots in response to weight-loss dietary and lifestyle interventions in two independent trials. This study included participants of a 2-year weight-loss diet intervention trial (POUNDS Lost) with data on changes in circulating miR-193b-5p from baseline to 6 months after interventions (n=509) . We also assessed changes in circulating miR-193b-5p over 18 months in the CENTRAL weight-loss lifestyle intervention trial (n=111) . At baseline, higher miR-193b was associated with greater adiposity, energy expenditure, ectopic fat depots, and lower adiponectin levels. In response to the interventions, decreases in miR-193b were associated with larger reductions of weight (p <.0001) , waist circumference (p <.0001) , and whole-body total % fat mass (p=0.03) at 6 months in the POUNDS Lost trial. In the CENTRAL trial, decreases in miR-193b were associated with larger reductions of weight (p=0.03) , total (p=0.002) and visceral adipose tissue (p=0.004) , and different fat depots (deep and superficial subcutaneous, and hepatic fat; p <0.for all) . In both trials, every 1 SD decrease of miR-193b was associated with an increased probability for the achievement of successful weight loss (-5% or more weight loss) at the end of interventions (odds ratio [OR]: 1.4; p=0.0in POUNDS Lost; OR 1.9; p=0.02 in CENTRAL) .

In conclusion, changes in circulating miR-193b in response to weight-loss diet/lifestyle interventions were significantly associated with the long-term successful weight loss and reductions of fat depots closely related to the risk of diabetes.


Y.Heianza: None. F.Sacks: None. L.Qi: None. Q.Xue: None. J.Rood: None. K.K.Krohn: None. A.Yaskolka meir: None. M.Blüher: Consultant; AstraZeneca, Lilly, Novo Nordisk A/S, Pfizer Inc., Sanofi, Speaker's Bureau; Bayer AG, Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, Novartis AG. P.Kovacs: None. I.Shai: None. G.Bray: None.


NIH (DK091718, DK100383, DK115679)

Readers may use this article as long as the work is properly cited, the use is educational and not for profit, and the work is not altered. More information is available at