Aims/Introduction: Anemia is one of the common complications of diabetes mellitus (DM) and is associated with an increased risk of death. In recent years, phase angle (PhA) and the ratio of extracellular water to total body water (ECW/TBW) measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) have been commonly used for estimating body composition. Since PhA and ECW/TBW have been reported to be useful as prognostic indicators for various chronic disease, we aimed to clarify the clinical significance of PhA and ECW/TBW in anemia of patients with DM.

Materials and Methods: The values of PhA and ECW/TBW were measured by a portable BIA device (Inbody S10, Inbody Japan, Tokyo, Japan) and blood samples were collected in 403 Japanese patients with DM (217 males and 186 females) atAnan Medical Center, Tokushima Japan. The relationships of PhA and ECW/TBW with hematocrit (Ht) and hemoglobin (Hb) were statistically evaluated.

Results: The level of PhA was decreased with age, whereas the value of ECW/TBW was increased with age. There was close inverse relationship between PhA and ECW/TBW (R2=0.7540, p< 0.001) . PhA was positively correlated with Hb and Ht levels (p <0.001, p <0.001, respectively) . In contrast, ECW/TBW was negatively correlated with Hb and Ht levels (p <0.001, p <0.001, respectively) . Multivariate regression analysis including confounding factors showed that both PhA and ECW/TBW independently contributed to Hb and Ht levels (p <0.0 and p <0.001, respectively) .

Conclusions: PhA and ECW/TBW were associated with levels of Hb and Ht in patients with diabetes. The results suggest that BIA parameters reflect red blood cell lifespan and erythropoiesis.


T. Hori: None. H. Yamagami: None. S. Yasui: None. M. Hosoki: None. T. Hara: None. K. Kurahashi: None. S. Yoshida: None. M. Abe: None.

Readers may use this article as long as the work is properly cited, the use is educational and not for profit, and the work is not altered. More information is available at