Aim: To compare endocrine and metabolic counterregulation to postprandial hypoglycemia in patients with postbariatric hypoglycemia (PBH) after gastric bypass (GB) vs. surgical and non-surgical controls.
Methods: Thirty-two adults (age 42.9±12.8 years, 13% male, BMI 28.2±4.3kg/m2) of 4 matched groups (PBH patients, GB, sleeve gastrectomy [SG] and non-surgical controls [CON]) ingested 15g glucose with subsequent induction of hypoglycemia (target 2.5mM) at t150-170 min using a constant insulin infusion with controller-guided iv dextrose adjustment. Primary outcome was mean glucagon during hypoglycemia (t150-170) . Further outcomes were responses of catecholamines, cortisol, growth hormone, pancreatic polypeptide (PP) , glucagon-like peptide 1, endogenous glucose production (EGP) and exogenous insulin. Values are shown as mean±SD.
Results: Plasma glucose and insulin at t150-170 were 2.6±0.2mM and 891±382pM across all groups. Glucagon was significantly lower in all surgical groups (PBH: 12.0±8.2pM, GB: 13.4±5.7pM and SG: 11.0±6.8pM vs. CON: 23.0±6.2pM, p=0.005) . PP was significantly lower in PBH vs. CON (28.1±49.6pM vs. 146.0±93.5pM, p=0.01) . EGP did not differ significantly between groups, nor did any other hormones.
Conclusion: Our results suggest diminished glucagon response to postprandial hypoglycemia after GB and SG compared to CON, with additionally lower PP values in PBH.
A.Tripyla: None. J.Zehetner: None. D.Giachino: None. S.Del favero: Research Support; Dexcom, Inc. A.Thomas: None. M.Thevis: None. C.Dalla man: Research Support; Becton, Dickinson and Company, Sanofi-Aventis Deutschland GmbH. L.Bally: None. D.Herzig: None. G.Reverter branchat: Employee; Fresenius Medical Care. J.Pavan: None. M.Schiavon: None. P.J.Eugster: None. E.Grouzmann: None. C.T.Nakas: None. S.Valérie: None.
Swiss National Science Foundation (PCEGP3_186978)