Background: At least two-thirds of people with hemodialysis-dependent kidney failure have comorbid diabetes which associates with higher mortality. Some GLP-1 receptor agonists (RA) do not require renal dosing and could uniquely benefit dialysis patients, individuals with tremendous cardiovascular disease burden.
Methods: Using data from a national surveillance system for kidney failure in the U.S. that includes Medicare Part D prescription drug claims, we: 1) calculated the quarterly prevalence of antihyperglycemic use among diabetic hemodialysis patients from 2012 to 2017 and 2) characterized antihyperglycemic users in October 2017.
Results: Among the 129,865 hemodialysis patients with comorbid diabetes, insulin was the most prescribed agent (33%) , followed by sulfonylureas (SU, 7%) and DPP4 inhibitors (DPP4i, 5%) in October 2017. SU use fell, and DPP4i use rose from 2012 to 2017. Less than 5% of patients received combination therapy (insulin + a 2nd agent; Figure 1) . Disregarding kidney disease as an atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk factor, 64% of patients met American Diabetes Association ASCVD criteria and 98% were at high risk for ASCVD in 2017. GLP-1 RA were prescribed to <1% of patients, 20% of whom had an endocrinology claim in the prior 6 months.
Conclusions: GLP-1 RA use by hemodialysis patients is limited. There is compelling need to establish the safety and efficacy of GLP-1 RA in this high-risk population.
K. Klein: None. V. Pate: None. M. M. Assimon: None. T. Stürmer: Research Support; Novo Nordisk. Stock/Shareholder; Novartis AG, Novo Nordisk, Roche Pharmaceuticals. Other Relationship; AbbVie Inc., Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, GlaxoSmithKline plc., Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, UCB, Inc. J. B. Buse: Consultant; Alkahest, Anji, AstraZeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, Cirius Therapeutics, Inc., Eli Lilly and Company, Fortress biotech, GentiBio, Glycadia, Glyscend, Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Mellitus Health, Moderna, Inc., Pendulum Therapeutics, Praetego, LLC, Stability Health, Valo, Zealand Pharma A/S. Research Support; AstraZeneca, Dexcom, Inc., Eli Lilly and Company, Novo Nordisk, vTv Therapeutics. Stock/Shareholder; Glyscend, Mellitus Health, Pendulum Therapeutics, PhaseBio Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Praetego, LLC, Stability Health. Other Relationship; Adocia, AstraZeneca, Eli Lilly and Company, Intarcia Therapeutics, Inc., MannKind Corporation, Novo Nordisk, Sanofi, Senseonics, vTv Therapeutics. J. Flythe: Advisory Panel; Fresenius Medical Care. Consultant; AstraZeneca. Research Support; Fresenius Medical Care.