Background: SGLT2i and GLP1-RA improve cardiovascular (CV) and renal outcomes in patients with T2D who are at elevated cardiac or renal risk; however, prescription rates are low despite guidelines recommending their use. We aimed to evaluate the eligibility for and utilization of SGLT2i and GLP-1 in a large health system (HS) .
Methods: The electronic health record (EHR) at a quaternary HS in the Northeastern US was queried to identify patients with T2D with CV, renal disease, or at high CV risk based on comorbidities and 10-year atherosclerotic CV disease (ASCVD) risk score. Demographics, medications, comorbidities, indications, and contraindications for SGLT2i and/or GLP1-RA therapy were assessed.
Results: The population of individuals with T2D on metformin therapy consists of 122,537 patients: 55% male, 8% Black, 13% non-English speaking. Of patients eligible for SGLT2i, 12% were prescribed an SGLT2i. Of patients eligible for GLP1-RA therapy, 17% were prescribed GLP1-RA. Of patients eligible for either SGLT2i or GLP1-RA therapy not currently receiving either therapy, 41% had 10-year ASCVD risk >10%, 56% had ASCVD, 29% had chronic kidney disease (CKD) , and 18% had heart failure.
Conclusion: While advantages of novel therapies have demonstrated benefits, opportunities from provider, patient, and systems to eliminate barriers to uptake and dissemination of therapy to improve outcomes for patients exist.
A.Blood: None. D.J.Wexler: Other Relationship; Elsevier, Novo Nordisk, UpToDate. B.M.Scirica: Consultant; Allergan, Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, ESPERION Therapeutics, Inc., Hanmi Pharm. Co., Ltd., Novo Nordisk, Research Support; Better Therapeutics, Eisai Co., Ltd., Merck & Co., Inc., Novo Nordisk, Pfizer Inc., Stock/Shareholder; Heath At Scale. F.Waterman: Employee; Novo Nordisk. G.Stern: None. D.Zelle: None. L.Chang: Consultant; Alosa Health, Pri-Med LLC, Other Relationship; Applied Therapeutics, Better Therapeutics, Eli Lilly and Company, Fractyl Health, Inc., Sanofi, Research Support; Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, Novo Nordisk. C.A.Colling: None. D.Gabovitch: None. C.M.Hamersky: Employee; Novo Nordisk. E.Durden: Employee; Novo Nordisk A/S. C.Holt: Employee; Novo Nordisk. J.Noone: Employee; Novo Nordisk. C.P.Cannon: Advisory Panel; Alnylam Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Amarin Corporation, Amgen Inc., Amryt Pharma Plc, Applied Therapeutics, Ascendis Pharma A/S, Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, Eli Lilly and Company, Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Lexicon Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Merck & Co., Inc., Pfizer Inc., Rhoshan, Sanofi, Research Support; Amgen Inc., Better Therapeutics, Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, Daiichi Sankyo, Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Merck & Co., Inc., Novo Nordisk, Pfizer Inc.