Aim: To examine how hypoglycemia while asleep impacts self-reported daily functioning among adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D) .

Methods: On 70 consecutive mornings, 250 people with T1D wearing a continuous glucose monitor reported sleep quality, mood, and alertness via the Hypo-METRICS smartphone app. Each night was categorized based on presence (+) or absence (-) of person-reported hypoglycemia (PRH) and sensor-detected hypoglycemia (SDH) into one of four types (see Figure 1, Type A-D) . Multilevel regression assessed associations between hypoglycemia and daily functioning (unstandardized coefficients (β) on original 0-scale) , adjusted for baseline demographic, clinical and psychological factors.

Results: In the first 54 adults (52% women, age[M±SD]: 45±15 years) , nighttime PRH (Type C & D, Figure 1) was associated with reduced subjective sleep quality (C: β=-0.67; D: β=-0.58) , mood (C: β=-0.43; D: β=-0.58) and alertness (C: β=-0.34, p=0.015; D: β=-0.46) (all p<0.0unless specified) compared to nights without hypoglycemia (Type A) . Nights with SDH only (Type B) showed no significant reductions in sleep, mood or alertness (p>0.05) .

Conclusion: These novel data show the potentially pivotal role of the subjective experience of hypoglycemia for sleep quality, mood and alertness.


U.Soeholm: Research Support; Novo Nordisk A/S. E.Renard: Consultant; Abbott, AstraZeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, Dexcom, Inc., Insulet Corporation, LifeScan, Lilly, Novo Nordisk, Roche Diabetes Care, Sanofi, Tandem Diabetes Care, Inc. E.J.Abbink: None. P.M.Baumann: None. S.R.Heller: Advisory Panel; Eli Lilly and Company, Medtronic, Mylan N.V., Zealand Pharma A/S, Zucara Therapeutics, Other Relationship; Eli Lilly and Company, Research Support; Dexcom, Inc., Speaker's Bureau; Novo Nordisk A/S. B.E.De galan: Research Support; Novo Nordisk. U.Pedersen-bjergaard: Advisory Panel; Novo Nordisk A/S, Sanofi. M.Evans: Advisory Panel; Pila Pharma, Zucara Therapeutics, Other Relationship; Abbott Diabetes, Dexcom, Inc., Medtronic, Novo Nordisk, Research Support; AstraZeneca, Sanofi, Speaker's Bureau; Lilly Diabetes. D.Pollard: Other Relationship; Novo Nordisk. R.J.Mccrimmon: Advisory Panel; Novo Nordisk, Sanofi, Research Support; Diabetes UK, European Union, MedImmune. S.A.Amiel: Advisory Panel; Medtronic, Novo Nordisk, Other Relationship; Sanofi. M.M.Broadley: None. C.Hendrieckx: None. J.Speight: Advisory Panel; Insulet Corporation, Research Support; Novo Nordisk, Sanofi. P.Choudhary: Advisory Panel; Abbott Diabetes, Lilly Diabetes, Medtronic, Research Support; Novo Nordisk, Speaker's Bureau; Dexcom, Inc., Glooko, Inc., Insulet Corporation, Sanofi. F.Pouwer: Research Support; Eli Lilly and Company, Novo Nordisk, Sanofi. N.Zaremba: None. P.Divilly: None. G.Martine-edith: Other Relationship; Novo Nordisk. G.Nefs: None. Z.Mahmoudi: Employee; Novo Nordisk A/S. J.K.Mader: Advisory Panel; Abbott Diabetes, Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, Eli Lilly and Company, Medtronic, Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp., Novo Nordisk A/S, Roche Diabetes Care, Sanofi-Aventis Deutschland GmbH, Speaker's Bureau; Abbott Diabetes, Eli Lilly and Company, Medtronic, Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp., Novo Nordisk A/S, Roche Diabetes Care, Sanofi-Aventis Deutschland GmbH, Servier Laboratories, Stock/Shareholder; decide Clinical Software GmbH. M.Cigler: None.


This work was supported by the Innovative Medicines Initiative 2 Joint Undertaking (JU) under grant agreement 777460

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