Glucose dynamics during and after resistance exercise in people with T1D is not well understood. We recruited 25 people with T1D to perform 3 separate sessions of in-clinic resistance exercise under low (basal) , medium (1.5x basal) , or high (3.0x basal) insulin infusion levels. Blood glucose was clamped by intravenous dextrose infusion 3 hours prior to, and 4 hours after a 45-minute session of strength training. Glucose tracer was infused to match the rate of endogenous glucose production (EGP) . Glucose and tracer data were used to fit a two-compartment model and quantify the rate of glucose disposal (Rd) and EGP. For 58 sessions across 25 participants, blood glucose levels remained constant during and after resistance exercise. The mean change in area under the curve (AUC) for Rd was not higher during resistance exercise compared to baseline (+1.2 mM, p=0.69) , but increased during previously published aerobic exercise (+12.5 mM, p<0.01) . Mean AUC for EGP rose during resistance exercise (+6.5 mM, p<0.01) primarily due to non-insulin mediated factors and the increase was higher than during aerobic exercise (+2.mM, p<0.01) . Resistance exercise is characterized by a strong rise in EGP that is predominantly driven by non-insulin mediated effects. This may mitigate drops in blood glucose caused by increased glucose utilization in peripheral tissues during anaerobic activity.
G.Young: None. M.Riddell: Advisory Panel; Zealand Pharma A/S, Zucara Therapeutics, Consultant; Eli Lilly and Company, Jaeb Center for Health Research, Speaker's Bureau; Dexcom, Inc., Eli Lilly and Company, Novo Nordisk. J.El youssef: None. P.G.Jacobs: Other Relationship; Pacific Diabetes Technologies, Research Support; Dexcom, Inc. N.S.Tyler: None. T.P.Nguyen: None. J.R.Castle: Advisory Panel; Insulet Corporation, Novo Nordisk, Zealand Pharma A/S, Stock/Shareholder; Pacific Diabetes Technologies. L.M.Wilson: n/a. D.Branigan: None. V.Gabo: None. F.H.Guillot: Stock/Shareholder; Pacific Diabetes Technologies.
National Institutes of Health (5R01DK110175, 1F30DK128914)