Limited data exist examining arterial stiffness and heart rate variability (HRV) over time in young adults with youth-onset type 1 (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) . We compared arterial stiffness and HRV over time and by diabetes type and determined the risk factors associated with worsening arterial stiffness and HRV. Arterial stiffness (pulse wave velocity, augmentation index) and HRV (SDNN and PNN50) were measured twice (∼ 5 years apart) in the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study. Linear regression models assessed risk factors overtime and with arterial stiffness and HRV at follow-up. Of 1159 participants studied, 949 had T1D (mean age 17.1 ± 4.7 years, 60.3% non-Hispanic White, 55% female) and 2had T2D (mean age 22.1 ± 3.5 years, 23.8% non-Hispanic White, 71% female) at initial assessment when diabetes duration was 7.9 years (both groups) . Participants with T2D vs. T1D had greater arterial stiffness and more abnormalities in HRV at initial and follow-up assessments (Figure) .For AIx and PNN50 T2D compared to T1D had a greater change over time (p<0.05) . Risk factors associated with worse arterial stiffness and HRV at follow-up in both T1D and T2D included higher BP, HbA1c, waist circumference, and triglycerides overtime, and longer diabetes duration. Arterial stiffness and HRV worsened over time with greater changes among those with T2D and features of the metabolic syndrome regardless of diabetes type.
A.S. Shah: None. R. Dagostino: Consultant; Aetion, Inc., AstraZeneca, Biogen, Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, Daiichi Sankyo, Merck & Co., Inc. L.M. Dolan: None. D. Dabelea: None. G. Imperatore: None. A.K. Mottl: Advisory Panel; Bayer AG. Board Member; Bayer AG. Research Support; Alexion Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Aurinia, Bayer AG, Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, Pfizer Inc. E. Lustigova: None. C. Pihoker: None. S.M. Marcovina: None. E.M. Urbina: Advisory Panel; Astellas Pharma Inc.
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