The ODI is a measure of β-cell function accounting for insulin sensitivity. ODI has primarily been studied in adults and shown to be inversely predictive of type 2 diabetes (T2D) ; however, little is known about ODI’s prediction of T1D. We thus used data from Ab+ Trialnet Pathway to Prevention (PTP) and Diabetes Prevention Trial Type 1 (DPT-1) cohorts (relatives of T1D patients) to study this. Data were analyzed from 33PTP participants: age (mean±SD) 15.8±12.1 yrs; BMI 21.1±13.1 kg/m2; 50.1% female, and 2from DPT-1: age 14.8±10.0 yrs; BMI 21.8±6.1 kg/m2; 51.2% female. Insulin measures at baseline included insulin sensitivity [ (1/Fasting Insulin) ; 1/FI) ], β-cell function [C-peptide index: (30 min C-pep-0 min C-pep) / (30 min glucose-0 min glucose) ], and ODI [ (1/FI) x (C-peptide Index) ]. Spearman correlations of C-peptide Index vs. 1/FI were r=-0.47 (p<0.001) in PTP, and r=-0.22 (p=0.001) in DPT-1. The figure shows cumulative incidence curves according to ODI quartiles (Q) for progression to T1D in both PTP and DPT-1. The diagnosis of T1D was inversely related to ODI, with Q4 vs. Q1 hazard ratios and 95% CIs of [0.13 (0.10, 0.16) , p=0.006] for PTP and of [0.13 (0.06, 0.29) , p=0.002] for DPT-1.

In conclusion, ODI is inversely predictive of T1D among Ab+ individuals. Thus, as with predicting T2D, insulin sensitivity should be taken into account when β-cell function is used to predict T1D in Ab+ populations.


H.M.Ismail: n/a. D.D.Cuthbertson: None. M.J.Redondo: Advisory Panel; Provention Bio, Inc. L.M.Jacobsen: None. M.A.Atkinson: None. J.Sosenko: None. Diabetes prevention trial type 1: n/a. Type 1 diabetes trialnet: n/a.



Readers may use this article as long as the work is properly cited, the use is educational and not for profit, and the work is not altered. More information is available at