Non-invasive imaging of endocrine pancreatic function could provide valuable insights into the magnitude and temporal pattern of β-cell dysfunction in diabetes. Islets comprise 1-2% of pancreatic mass, but receive about 10-20% of pancreatic blood flow, which increases further during stimulation of insulin secretion. We examined the relationship between pancreatic blood flow (PBF) and insulin secretory dynamics in 12 healthy volunteers (6M / 6F, age = 29 ± 5 yrs, BMI = 24.0 ± 2.7 kg/m², HbA1c = 5.1 ± 0.3 %, FPG = 88 ± mg/dl, fasting insulin = 3.7 ± 2.3 μU/ml) . PBF was measured by pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling (ASL) MRI, with the labeling plane positioned 5-6 cm superior to the imaging slice to label blood in the descending aorta. Fasting subjects were placed in a 3T scanner, and PBF was measured during
1) a 15 min basal period,
2) a +100 mg/dl hyperglycemic clamp for 40 min, followed by
3) a 5 gm bolus of arginine to assess maximal acute insulin response (AIRmax) .
1) Changes in PBF during stimulation of insulin secretion in humans can be imaged non-invasively by ASL,
2) Insulin secretion precedes changes in PBF, and
3) The rate of change in insulin and c-peptide release predicts subsequent modulation of PBF.
D.C.Simonson: Stock/Shareholder; GI Windows, Phase V Technologies, Inc. M.Taso: Research Support; GE Healthcare Systems. C.Mcgrath: None. S.A.Waldman: None. F.Papadopoulou: None. D.C.Alsop: Other Relationship; GE Healthcare Systems, Hitachi, Ltd., Philips Healthcare, Siemens, UIH America, Research Support; GE Healthcare Systems.