The ACT1ON pilot study evaluated the feasibility of three dietary strategies to optimize weight and glycemic management among young adults with T1D and overweight or obesity. As a secondary measure, self-reported physical activity (PA) was collected at baseline, 3-, 6-, and 9-months from 68 young adults with T1D (age 25.5 ± 3.1 years, 72.1% female, HbA1c 7.9 ± 1.8%, BMI 30.4 (27.9 - 33.9)) . Using the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ, n=195) and Previous Day Physical Activity Recalls (PDPAR, n=123) , we estimated weekly minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) . Following the COVID-19 outbreak, a subset of participants wore Garmin Vivosmart4® PA trackers for two weeks at each visit (44 measurements from 27 participants) . Mixed effects regression models assessed the relationship between weekly minutes of MVPA and HbA1c using each PA measure. Median weekly minutes of MVPA were 33% lower following the COVID-19 outbreak compared to pre-pandemic PA levels (p=0.02) per the GPAQ, but not PDPAR (-7.7%, p=0.34) . After adjusting for design, demographic, clinical, and dietary variables, a 1 standard deviation increase in weekly minutes of MVPA (GPAQ) was associated with an absolute increase of 0.27% HbA1c (p>0.001) . A small, statistically non-significant association was observed for PDPAR (β=0.13, p=0.19) ; however, we observed a borderline statistically significant association using the PA tracker data (β=0.231, p=0.08) , despite a smaller sample size (n=44) . These results suggest that among young adults with T1D and overweight and obesity, higher levels of PA may lead to challenges in achieving optimal glycemia. Future work is needed to determine how to best support young adults with T1D and overweight and obesity in attaining both their PA and glycemic management goals.
F. R. Muntis: None. R. E. Pratley: Other Relationship; Bayer AG, Corcept Therapeutics, Dexcom, Inc., Hanmi Pharm. Co., Ltd., Merck & Co., Inc., Metavention, Novo Nordisk, Pfizer Inc., Poxel SA, Sanofi, Scohia Pharma Inc., Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. K. Corbin: None. E. J. Mayer-davis: None. D. P. Zaharieva: Research Support; Insulet Corporation, International Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Diabetes, Leona M. and Harry B. Helmsley Charitable Trust. D. Igudesman: None. A. Cristello: None. J. Thomas: None. N. Arrizon- ruiz: None. J. Hooper: None. A. Addala: None. J. Crandell: n/a. D. M. Maahs: Advisory Panel; Abbott Diabetes, Eli Lilly and Company, Medtronic, Novo Nordisk, Sanofi, Consultant; Aditx Therapeutics, Inc., Biospex.
National Institutes of Health (1DP3DK113358-01)