Elevated serum uric acid reportedly increases the risk of development and progression of diabetic retinopathy with conflicting results. However, whether it also increases the incidence of severe vision-threatening diabetic eye diseases has been scarcely investigated. Also unknown is whether there are sex differences in the incidence of advanced retinopathies. To clarify this, we utilized ICD-and medical treatment codes from a nationwide claims database that finally included 13,721 type 2 diabetes patients (mean age 50 y, HbA1c 7.0%, mean follow-up period 5.8 y, 10,962 men) . During the study period, 388 patients developed vision-threatening treatment-required diabetic eye diseases (4.9/1000 person-years) . Multivariate Cox analysis demonstrated that a serum uric acid ≥7.1 mg/dl was significantly positively associated in men with future occurrence of treatment-required diabetic eye diseases, but not in women. Hazard ratios for those with serum uric acid ≥7.1 mg/dl for incident treatment-required diabetic eye diseases were 1.36 (95% confidence interval, 1.01-1.85) in men and 2. (0.71-6.08) in women, compared with the reference group (<7.1 mg/dl) after adjusting for covariates. This finding suggested that the effect of high serum uric acid on the development of vision-threatening retinopathy in individuals with type 2 diabetes differed between men and women. Although estrogen-induced effects, decreased antioxidant activity, and increased oxidative stress may partially explain the differences in results between men and women, further investigation is needed.
M. Yamamoto: None. K. Fujihara: None. H. Ishiguro: None. M. Ishizawa: None. M.H. Yamada: None. T. Osawa: None. M. Kitazawa: None. M. Kaneko: None. M. Iwanaga: None. T. Yamada: None. S. Kodama: None. H. Sone: Research Support; Astellas Pharma Inc., Eisai Co., Ltd., Kyowa Kirin Co., Ltd., Novo Nordisk, Ono Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Taisho Pharmaceutical Holdings Co., Ltd., Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited.
The Japan Society for the Promotion of Science and the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, Japan. (18K17897)