We previously have shown that both acute and chronic SGLT-2 inhibition increases endogenous glucose production (EGP) . However, the organ - liver versus kidney - responsible for the increase in EGP has not been identified. We assessed the effect of a single dose of Dapagliflozin or Placebo on renal glucose production in 13 T2DM (age=57.5±1.8 yrs, BMI = 30±1.4 kg/m2) and 9 NGT (age 42±2 3 yrs, BMI = 30±1.1 kg/m2) subjects. Renal glucose production was measured using arteriovenous balance technique across the kidney combined with [3-3H] glucose infusion and PAH infusion (for determination of renal blood flow) before and 4 hours after administration of Dapagliflozin (10 mg) and Placebo; thus, each subject served as their own control. EGP increased following DAPA in both T2DM (2.00±0.11 to 2.43±0.15, P<0.05) and NGT (1.72±0.11 to 2.1±0.16, p<0.05) , while it decreased after placebo in T2DM (2.02±0.12 vs. 1.15±0.06) and NGT (2.10±0.2 vs. 2.05±0.1) (both p<0.01, DAPA vs. placebo) . The fractional renal extraction of glucose (0.02± 0.004 vs. 2.99 ± 1.0, p=0.001 in T2DM, and 0.02± 0.004 vs. 1.62± 1.4 in NGT, p=NS) and renal glucose uptake (0.067 ± 0.02 vs. 0.347 ± 0.06 in T2DM and 0.08 ± 0.02 vs. 0.27 ± 0.08 mg/kg.min in NGT) were higher following DAPA vs. placebo (p<0.05) and were entirely explained by the increase in glucosuria. There was a small, non-significant increase (0.065 & 0.032 mg/kg.min, respectively) in renal glucose production (RGP) following dapagliflozin in T2DM and NGT compared to the 0.45 mg/kg.min increase in total body EGP.

Conclusion: A single dose of Dapagliflozin significantly increases EGP which primarily is explained by an increase in hepatic glucose production.


X. Chen: None. C. Solis-herrera: Speaker’s Bureau; Novo Nordisk. D. Tripathy: None. A. A. Hansis-diarte: None. R. Chilton: Advisory Panel; AstraZeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, Nova Biomedical. E. Cersosimo: Research Support; AstraZeneca. R. A. Defronzo: Advisory Panel; AstraZeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, Intarcia Therapeutics, Inc., Novo Nordisk, Research Support; AstraZeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, Merck & Co., Inc., Speaker’s Bureau; AstraZeneca.


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