Measures of depression (e.g., PHQ-8) and diabetes-related distress (e.g., Problem Areas In Diabetes, or PAID) are associated with diabetes self-care and adherence to lifestyle regimens in patients with T2D. The REAL HEALTH-Diabetes trial evaluated a Look-AHEAD adapted group lifestyle intervention (LI) . We sought to determine baseline characteristics that were associated with achieving ≥5% weight loss during the first year of the intervention. Participants were randomly assigned to receive LI either in-person (IP, n = 69) or by telephone (Tele, n =72) . At baseline, 12.9% had a PHQ-8 score of ≥ 10, indicating current depression, and 50.4% had a baseline PAID score of ≥ 40, indicating severe emotional distress. At 6 months and 12 months, 46.8% and 45.7% achieved ≥ 5% weight loss (Table 1) . Participants who achieved ≥ 5% weight loss at 6 and 12 months had lower mean baseline PAID scores than non-achievers (35 vs. 44, P=0.021 at 6 months; 35 vs. 43, P=0.036 at 12 months) . Achievers also had lower mean baseline PHQ-8 scores compared to non-achievers, but this difference was not statistically significant (4.0 vs. 5.1, P=0.596 at 6 months; 3.8 vs. 5.1, P=0.842 at 12 months) . We found that diabetes distress was more common than depression, and that baseline levels of diabetes-related distress were inversely associated with achievement of ≥ 5% weight loss at 6 and 12 months of LI.
J.Vakharia: None. D.J.Wexler: Other Relationship; Elsevier, Novo Nordisk, UpToDate. T.Thaweethai: None. C.Yu: None. L.M.Delahanty: Advisory Panel; Lilly Diabetes, Omada Health, Inc., WW International, Inc., ZOE Limited, Stock/Shareholder; Jana Care Inc., Omada Health, Inc., ZOE Limited.