The Prediabetes Lifestyle Intervention Study (PLIS) - a multicenter study conducted by the German Center for Diabetes Research - showed that intensified compared to conventional lifestyle intervention led to higher probability to normalize glucose regulation. Here, we examined clinical traits determining remission of prediabetes in PLIS participants with a clinically relevant weight loss of ≥5% of their initial body weight after 12 months of lifestyle intervention. Of 11participants, 298 achieved a weight loss of ≥5 %. We classified individuals as responders, who returned to normal glucose regulation by fasting glucose, 2h OGTT plasma glucose and HbA1c (n=128) and compared them to non-responders (n =170) . There were no differences in BMI change (-3.43 ±2.02 kg/m2 in responders, -2.83 ±1.37 in non-responders, p = 0.68) , whole body fat mass loss (6.7 ± 4.9 l vs. 5.9 ±4.5, p = 0.25) or reduction in liver fat (6.1 ±6.3 percentage points vs. 6.6 ±6.4, p = 0.59) . Similarly, there was no difference in change of insulin secretion between responders and non-responders. In contrast, responders improved insulin sensitivity significantly more than non-responders (Insulin Sensitivity Index +4.5 ±4.7, vs. +2.3 ±3.1, p < 0.01) . We conclude that, in prediabetes, weight loss induced return to normal glucose regulation primarily depends on improvements in insulin sensitivity, contrasting recently reported mechanisms of diabetes remission.


A.Sandforth: None. K.D.Lange: None. R.Wagner: Advisory Panel; Akcea Therapeutics, Daiichi Sankyo, Sanofi-Aventis Deutschland GmbH, Speaker's Bureau; Lilly, Novo Nordisk, Sanofi-Aventis Deutschland GmbH. German center for diabetes research: n/a. A.F.Pfeiffer: None. M.Roden: Advisory Panel; Eli Lilly and Company, Research Support; Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, Nutricia, Speaker's Bureau; Novo Nordisk. A.Fritsche: Advisory Panel; Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, Novo Nordisk, Sanofi-Aventis Deutschland GmbH. R.Jumpertz von schwartzenberg: None. A.L.Birkenfeld: None.

Readers may use this article as long as the work is properly cited, the use is educational and not for profit, and the work is not altered. More information is available at