There is a growing population of adults over the age of 65 years with T1DM, but their lived experiences have not been well-characterized, especially in the context of evolving advances in self-management technology. We conducted focus groups with adults 65+ yrs with T1DM to characterize their perspectives surrounding T1DM and its management, focusing on CGM experiences. Participants were recruited from a US academic medical center and encouraged to bring a caregiver. Focus groups were stratified by CGM use, facilitated by standardized questions, audiotaped and transcribed. A team-based, inductive coding approach using ATLAS.ti identified themes. There were 33 adults (mean age 73.3±4.3 years [range 66-85]; 55% women, 82% non-Hispanic white, 12% non-CGM users, 83% pump users, 12% caregivers) . Five CGM-related themes were identified from all participants, including adoption challenges and complex clinical and psychosocial effects (Table) . Caregiver participants emphasized increased security with CGM use. Patient participants expressed a prevalent “survivor” mentality and a desire for increased peer support and strategies to minimize intrusiveness of T1DM management. Findings reinforce that older adults’ experiences with T1DM and CGM necessitate individualized psychosocial and tactical support for management and adoption of new technology.


A.Kahkoska: None. L.A.Young: Research Support; Bayer AG, Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, Dexcom, Inc., Eli Lilly and Company, Novo Nordisk, vTv Therapeutics. K.Hassmiller lich: None. A.Cristello: None. C.Smith: None. S.R.Thomas: None. J.Batsis: None. E.J.Mayer-davis: None. M.R.Kosorok: n/a. R.E.Pratley: Other Relationship; Bayer AG, Corcept Therapeutics, Dexcom, Inc., Hanmi Pharm. Co., Ltd., Merck & Co., Inc., Metavention, Novo Nordisk, Pfizer Inc., Poxel SA, Sanofi, Scohia Pharma Inc., Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. R.S.Weinstock: Research Support; Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, Dexcom, Inc., Diasome, Eli Lilly and Company, Insulet Corporation, Kowa Pharmaceuticals America, Inc., Medtronic, Novo Nordisk, Tandem Diabetes Care, Inc., Tolerion, Inc.


ARK is supported by the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, National Institutes of Health, through Grant KL2TR002490. The project was supported by UL1TR002489 from the Clinical and Translational Science Award program of the Division of Research Resources, National Institutes of Health. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the NIH.

Readers may use this article as long as the work is properly cited, the use is educational and not for profit, and the work is not altered. More information is available at