Fear of hypoglycemia (FOH) is not consistently correlated with A1C in youth with T1D, but few studies have taken other psychosocial variables into account. This study examined T1D responsibility as a moderator of the relationship between FOH and A1C.

N=1youth ages 10-18 yrs (45.5% male; age=14.7±1.9 yrs; A1C=9.9±1.6%; T1D duration=6.5+3.4 yrs) completed the Maintain High Blood Glucose subscale of the Children’s Hypoglycemia Fear Survey (assesses behavioral manifestations of FOH) and Diabetes Family Responsibility Questionnaire (assesses distribution of T1D responsibility between child and caregiver) . Higher scores indicate greater FOH and caregiver responsibility, respectively.

The main effect of T1D responsibility on A1C was not significant (p>0.05) , whereas the main effect of Maintain High Blood Glucose was (p=0.03) . Responsibility moderated the relationship between Maintain High Blood Glucose and A1C; child’s FOH had less of an effect on A1C if the caregiver had higher responsibility (B=-0.41, p=0.04; R2 =0.038, p<0.04) .

Children who maintain their blood glucoses higher than recommended due to high FOH should have more parent involvement in their T1D care to minimize the deleterious impact of their fears on A1C. Future research should examine the Maintain High Blood Glucose subscale and other psychosocial moderators specifically in relation to glycemic outcomes.


E.R.Shaffer: None. H.K.O'donnell: None. G.T.Alonso: None. S.Majidi: None. J.K.Snell-bergeon: Stock/Shareholder; GlaxoSmithKline plc. R.Wadwa: Advisory Panel; Dompé, Consultant; Beta Bionics, Inc., Other Relationship; Tandem Diabetes Care, Inc., Research Support; Dexcom, Inc., Eli Lilly and Company, Tandem Diabetes Care, Inc. K.A.Driscoll: None.


National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (DP3DK113363)

Readers may use this article as long as the work is properly cited, the use is educational and not for profit, and the work is not altered. More information is available at http://www.diabetesjournals.org/content/license.